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affirmative already analogy antecedent argument Aristotle assertion belong categorical proposition causal connection cause CHAPTER complete conception conclusion consciousness Contraposition course dealing Deduction definition determine discover discovery disjunctive disjunctive proposition distinction employed enumeration essential example exist experience explain express F. H. Bradley fallacy false figure hypothetical ideas identity illicit major impossible individual inductive Inductive reasoning inference instances intellectual intelligence J. S. Mill Jevons judg judgments of Quality knowledge known latter law of Identity laws of thought ledge Logic means ment merely metal method method of Agreement middle term mind minor premise nature necessary negative objects observation obtain particular facts perception phenomena plant possible propo proposition psychology quantity reasoning reference regarded relation result rules scientific seen sense simple sition starting-point statement subject and predicate supposed syllogism syllogistic theory things thinking thought tion true truth universal various whole words
Page 205 - If an instance in which the phenomenon under investigation occurs, and an instance in which it does not occur, have every circumstance in common save one, that one occurring only in the former; the circumstance in which alone the two instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Page 365 - No reason can be given why the general happiness is desirable, except that each person, so far as he believes it to be attainable, desires his own happiness. This, however, being a fact, we have not only all the proof which the case admits of, but all which it is possible to require, that happiness is good: that each person's happiness is a good to that person, and the general happiness, therefore, a good to the aggregate of all persons.
Page 58 - A non-connotative term is one which signifies a subject only, or an attribute only. A connotative term is one which denotes a subject, and implies an attribute.
Page 233 - We spent many hours in Cwm Idwal, examining all the rocks with extreme care, as Sedgwick was anxious to find fossils in them; but neither of us saw a trace of the wonderful glacial phenomena all around us; we did not notice the plainly scored rocks, the perched boulders, the lateral and terminal moraines. Yet these phenomena are so conspicuous that, as I declared...
Page 157 - It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD : therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him. 27 And he spake to his sons, saying, Saddle me the ass. And they saddled him.
Page 215 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Page 199 - One is by comparing together different instances in which the phenomenon occurs. The other is by comparing instances in which the phenomenon does occur with instances in other respects similar in which it does not. These two methods may be respectively denominated the method of agreement and the method of difference.
Page 212 - Whatever phenomenon varies in any manner whenever another phenomenon varies in some particular manner, is either a cause or an effect of that phenomenon, or is connected with it through some fact of causation.
Page 222 - Thus we may observe a very great similitude between this earth which we inhabit, and the other planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and Mercury. They all revolve round the sun, as the earth does, although at different distances and in different periods. They borrow all then- light from the sun, as the earth does.