An overview of environmental policies in Latin America
Abstract The expression Latin America refers to the Iberian conquerors, the Spanish and Portuguese navigators that arrived in the American continent at the end of the XVth century, during the European Renaissance. Mexico, Middle and South America forms a conglomerate of independent nations, plus a few Dutch and British islands, a small French territory, the French Guyana, and a large number of surviving pre-Columbian native tribes or nations of distinct ethnic origins. Trinidad-Tobago, Guyana and Suriname became independent from the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in the 1960’. This paper traces the history of early environmental technologies and policies to the present day. It describes the evolution of the colonial policies governing the exploitation of natural riches to the current national policies concerned with environmental impacts and sustainable development.
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