An Account of Several Work-houses for Employing and Maintaining the Poor: Setting Forth the Rules by which They are Governed, ... As Also of Several Charity Schools for Promoting Work, and Labour
Jos. Downing, 1732 - Almhouses - 192 pages
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able Account Act of Parliament allowed Annum Apothecary appointed Beef Beer Bill of Fare Boys Bread Breaksast Broth brought Charge Charity Charity-School Cheese Chil Children Church Churchwardens and Overseers City of Canterbury clean Cloaths Committee Diet Ditto Ditto Ditto dren earn employing the Poor erected Expence Family Flax Girls Governors h a t Hertfordshire House idle Inhabitants Justice Justice of Peace keep Kingston upon Hull knit Labour Linnen lodged maintained Maintenance Management Master and Mistress Meat Michaelmas Milk Money Mopp Yarn Morning necessary Nurses Offence Officers Orders paid Parish Parish-Officers Parishioners picking Ockam Place poor Person Poor's Rates Porridge Pound Pound Weight Prayers proper Publick punished receive rish S I R School sent serve Service Shillings sick spinning Jersey spun Steward Stockings Sunday Supper taught to read Town Trustees Vestry Ward washed Week Weekly Women Wool Woollen Workhouse
Page 160 - ... they went off to sea, or were apprenticed in the city; by which means the public were so far benefited, though the corporation bore the loss of the charge of teaching them, and of all the tools with which they were to work and of the materials for it.
Page ix - ... education and welfare, on account of the little money that is given with them. However, there will be this one good effect from workhouses thus regulated, that the next generation of persons in town will be made better and the children of the poor, instead of being bred up in irreligion and vice to an idle vagabond life, will have the fear of God before their eyes, get habits of virtue, be inured to labour, and thus become useful to their country — Account of Several Workhouses, 1732.
Page 89 - ... decent order, or to do the necessary repair to the walls and other fences thereof : and that there was no person legally chargeable with the costs and expences of maintaining the said burial ground in decent order, and of the necessary repair of the walls and other fences thereof, except in so far as the rates made or to be made for the relief of the poor of the township of Westgate, in which the said burial ground is situate, were by the said Act constituted and made such fund. And that the...
Page ix - I" John Brown, Memoirs of Robert Blincoe, p. 29. A writer on the workhouses of Great Britain in 1732 complains of " a very bad Practice in Parish Officers who to save Expense, are apt to ruin children by putting them out as early as they can, to any sorry masters that will take them, without any concern for their Education or Welfare, on account of the little Money that is given with them.
Page 2 - And which is yet worfe, poor families which daily multiply in the kingdom for want of a due order for their employment in an honeft courfe of life, whereby they may gain fubfiftence for them and their children, do unavoidably bring up their children either in a trade of begging or...
Page iv - Blind, and fuch other among them, being poor and not able to work, and alfo for the putting out of fuch Children to be Apprentices, to be gathered out of the fame Parifh, according to the Ability of the fame Parifh...
Page 123 - They are declared to be a body politic and corporate in law, by the name of the " Guardians of the Poor of the city of Philadelphia, the district of Southwark, and township of the Northern Liberties.
Page 40 - ... above three Years of Age, shall be kept till they be five years old, and then set to spinning, knitting, or to such other work as shall be thought proper for the Benefit of the Parish, and that the Master or Mistress who shall teach them to Work, or some other proper Person, shall likewise instruct each of them in Reading twice a Day, half an Hour each time, till they are nine years of Age; and then that the said Master or Mistress, or other proper Person, do teach them to write and cast Accompts...
Page iii - ... their optimistic enumeration of its benefits, saw in these establishments potential ' nurseries of religion, virtue and industry '. Any reluctance of the poor to enter the workhouse was dismissed with the rebuke that it was " a sin for them to murmur and complain or to refuse to work " ; they must be " content and thankful and do their duty, that is, all they can do, in that state of life wherein it has pleased God to place them ", remembering that they received food and raiment, that their dwelling...
Page 128 - The advantage of a workhouse does not only consist in this, that the poor are maintained at less than half the expense which their weekly pay amounted to, but that very great numbers of lazy people, rather than submit to the confinement and labor of the workhouse, are content to throw off the mask, and maintain themselves by their own industry.