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ability and patriotism aggression analysis appointment assembled Bar Association COLUMBUS character Chief Justice chosen profession colonies commerce comprehended conclusions confederation confidence and respect congress considered consti court had jurisdiction court of last Court of Ohio decided defined delegated Delivered by John despotism determined eral government ercise exercise favor FEBRUARY 4th federal judiciary France Georgia ginia grant of power gress hostile important instrument international law interpretation irresistible ject JOHN MARSHALL judges judiciary act last resort law among nations lawyer learned legal code legislative act legislative power legislature Marbury MARSHALL An Address Maryland means ment name of liberty national doctrines numbered objects Ohio State Bar opinions opposed to ratification original jurisdiction paramount law passed petent general government power conferred principles proposition provisions questions reasoning Revolution second president sentence sequent sition spect stitution strug Supreme Court swered tion ture tution United Virginia convention Worcester
Page 8 - A constitution, to contain an accurate detail of all the subdivisions of which its great powers will admit, and of all the means by which they may be carried into execution, would partake of the prolixity of a legal code, and could scarcely be embraced by the human mind.
Page 8 - This provision is made in a constitution intended to endure for ages to come, and, consequently, to be adapted to the various crises of human affairs.
Page 10 - States, anterior to its formation. It has been said that they were sovereign, were completely independent, and were connected with each other only by a league. This is true. But when these allied sovereigns converted their league into a government, when they converted their congress of ambassadors, deputed to deliberate on their common concerns, and to recommend measures of general utility, into a legislature, empowered to enact laws on the most interesting subjects, the whole character in which...
Page 8 - The assent of the States in their sovereign capacity is implied in calling a convention, and thus submitting that instrument to the people. But the people were at perfect liberty to accept or reject it, and their act was final. It required not the affirmance, and could not be negatived by the State governments. The Constitution, when thus adopted, was of complete obligation, and bound the State sovereignties.
Page 9 - Its course cannot always be tranquil. It is exposed to storms and tempests, and its framers must be unwise statesmen indeed, if they have not provided it, as far as its nature will permit, with the means of self-preservation from the perils it may be destined to encounter. No government ought to be so defective in its organization as not to contain within itself the means of securing the execution of its own laws against other dangers than those which occur every day.
Page 8 - States, with a request that it might 'be submitted to a Convention of Delegates, chosen in each State by the people thereof, under the recommendation of its Legislature, for their assent and ratification.' This mode of proceeding was adopted, and by the Convention, by Congress, and by the State Legislatures, the instrument was submitted to the people. They acted upon it in the only...
Page 8 - This mode of proceeding was adopted; and by the convention, by congress, and by the state legislatures, the instrument was submitted to the people. They acted upon it, in the only manner in which they can act safely, effectively, and wisely, on such a subject, by assembling in convention.
Page 8 - The powers of the general government, it has been said, are delegated by the States, who alone are truly sovereign, and must be exercised in subordination to the States, who alone possess supreme dominion.
Page 8 - No political dreamer was ever wild enough to think of breaking down the lines which separate the States, and of compounding the American people into one common mass. Of consequence when they act, they act in their States. But the measures they adopt, do not, on that account...