An analysis of policy implementation in the Third World
This book analyzes the process involved in implementing Technical and Vocational Education and Training policies in the countries of Jamaica and The Gambia. A critical approach was used to analyse the role played by different actors in this process, both at public and private sector institutions. The study documented a variety of projects and programmes, ranging from those that promoted entrepreneurship or self-employment amongst young people, to those that were more concerned with providing the skills needed for export-led growth. Overall it highlighted the complexities surrounding implementation and of the importance of donor agencies in financing TVET developments in both countries. Furthermore, it also illustrated how the use of foreign technical assistance and components obtained from the developed world, combined with the influence of the physical and political infrastructure, were the major reasons why projects or programmes failed to achieve their stated objectives. The study concludes by suggesting a model which can be used by policy makers to help ensure that programmes or projects are more successful at meeting local labour market needs, rather than those of aid agencies or actors within the state apparatus.
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ACCC consultants Action Aid aid agencies analysis apprenticeship scheme Banjul British Computer Society British Council BSTP CAST Certificate chapter CIDA project College computer department construction country's courses craft delivered dependency theory dependent on overseas donor agencies DTEVT entrepreneurship training equipment established financed foreign consultants former DNVTP funding Furthermore Gambia Garmex Academy HEART Trust implementation process influence informal sector information technology initiatives international aid interviews involved issue IVTCs Jamaican government Jamaican Labour Party labour market lecturers major National Vocational Training NGOs non-governmental non-governmental organisations NVTC Organisational structure overseas aid overseas scholarships present study private sector problems projects implemented provision of TVET responsible role Rural Vocational Training RVTP school leavers programme staff development stenography TANGO technical assistance Technical Education Things Jamaica Ltd Third World TVET projects TVET system University of Huddersfield upgrading USAID Vocational Training Centre Vocational Training Programme VTDI workshops World Bank Education