An assessment of all-volunteer Force recruits : Department of Defense: report to the Congress

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U.S. General Accounting Office, 1976 - United States - 34 pages

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Page 2 - SEC. 718. None of the funds in this act shall be available for the enlistment or pay of nonprior service personnel during fiscal year 1974 when the enlistment will cause the percentage of nonhigh school graduate enlistments of the service concerned to exceed 45 per centum or the mental category IV enlistments to exceed 18 per centum of the total nonprior service enlistments for the entire fiscal year.
Page 2 - Question. Apparently prior to 1972, each of the services used the same basic mental qualification test. However, in 1972, the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) authorized the services to use separate mental tests to determine enlistment eligibility. Would you review the records on this matter and tell the committee the basis for the 1972 decision? Answer. Records indicate that in June 1972, the Assistant Secretary of Defense (M. & It.
Page 12 - The fact that about 85 percent of all enlisted personnel in the services are high school graduates, when compared with the recruit percentages shown above, indicates that many individuals take advantage of inservice educational opportunities. EFFORTS BY THE SERVICES TO IMPROVE RECRUITING RESULTS DOD allows each service to establish its own mental criteria for enlistment. During most of fiscal year...
Page 2 - From l958 to l973 recruits scoring in category IV on the AFQT were required to pass supplementary aptitude tests to be eligible for military service. AFQT percentile scores are grouped to form mental categories which are used to measure the overall quality of enlistments, to make cross-service comparisons, and to observe historical trends. The mental categories and the related AFQT scoring range are shown below. Mental categories Scoring range...
Page 6 - Furthermore, the services experienced higher personnel retention rates than expected and recruiting objectives for prior-service personnel and nonprior-service females were exceeded. QUALITY Qualitative standards are more numerous and less clearcut than quantitative standards. One of the most used and emphasized quality standards is the mental category derived from selection and classification tests given all new personnel. The AFQT was the primary selection test used...
Page 6 - The statistics also include active duty reservists. The Army and Marine Corps attributed their recruiting shortfall to the legal requirement that at least 55 percent of recruits be high school graduates. The Army further attributed its shortfall to the legal limitation that mentalcategory-IV personnel may not exceed l8 percent of the total recruited.
Page 14 - ... the 6th through the 36th month of service who are unable to adjust to military life and perform their duties as expected of the average soldier. (See our report to the Secretary of Defense, "Urgent Need for a Department of Defense Marginal Performer Discharge Program,
Page 11 - The number of flag officers is further controlled by the ceiling set by the Senate Armed Services Committee. The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) reviews the Service programs annually to insure that these ceilings are not exceeded.
Page 5 - QUANTITY AND MENTAL QUALITY OF THE ALL-VOLUNTEER FORCE The military services essentially met their strength and recruiting goals for the first full year of operation under the all-volunteer force concept. These goals were achieved without any appreciable drop in quality, although we did obtain some evidence which casts doubt on the quality statistics reported. (See our report "Improving the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Recruiting,

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