An Easy Introduction to the Study of Hindústání: In which the English Alphabet is Adapted to the Expression of Hindústání Words, with a Full Syntax

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Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1858 - Hindustani language - 238 pages
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An Easy Introduction to the Study of Hindústánı́ Words: In which the English
Автор: Monier Monier-Williams … mp;rview=1
The grand point is," as the father of Hindustani
Grammar, Dr. Gilchrist, has observed in the
preface to his Philology, " by some scheme or other
to render the study of the most necessary Oriental
tongues easy at first, that every learner, if possible,
may acquire some taste for, and knowledge of their
rudiments, to prepare him for proceeding with alacrity
in his future career, instead of being harassed and disgusted
at the outset with a strange tongue and a still
stranger character at the same time. Were we to
learn French through the medium of a new alphabet,
I have little hesitation in saying that for thirty tolerable
linguists in this language we should not have ten,
and the same effects will be produced by similar causes
in the acquisition of any other tongue, more especially
in a country like India, where every thing conspires to
enervate the body and mind of students who have not
previously at home acquired a relish for the vernacular
speech of the people amongst whom they are destined
to sojourn. That the real pronunciation and inflection
of words, with the general construction of Hindustani,
are most obvious in the Roman character there can be
no doubt; nor is there any thing to prevent learners
from afterwards making themselves masters of whatever
character they find most essentiai. Why then
should the previous acquisition of this character be
deemed a sine qua non to thousands, who may never
feel the want of Oriental letters, but who from the
want of an intelligible tongue may run the risk of
losing their heads and injuring irremediably the interests
of their countrymen?"

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Page 78 - If an adjective qualifies two or more nouns of different genders, it agrees with the masculine rather than the feminine ; but in the case of inanimate objects it may sometimes agree with the noun which stands nearest to it in the sentence. The following example is given by Dr. Yates : kaprc bdsan aur kitdben lmhnt achchhi hain ' the clothes, plates, and books are very good.
Page 77 - Forbes's remarks on this point, although too briefly put, are perfectly sound ; and yet succeeding grammarians, who generally follow his teaching without question, have in this instance thought proper to depart from it : — " When adjectives ending in a are separated from their substantives, they not unfrequently become petrified as it were by being drawn towards a verb, and thus forming with it a sort of compound, lose their capability of change," is the teaching of Professor Monier Williams (Hindustani...
Page 81 - God,' mere bdp ki haweii men, 'in the house of my father,' khidmat ki khdtir, 'for the sake of service.' ke or ki, according to the gender, number, and case of the noun with which it is most nearly connected, or on which it most closely depends : thus, us ki qismat ke bag men, ' in the garden of the destiny of him ; ' Farang ke mulk ke dekhne kd ishtiydq, ' the desire of seeing the country of Europe.
Page 16 - and is always substituted for the possessive cases of the pronouns^ when they refer to the same person as the nom.

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