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accent according already analogy appears aspirates assimilation base become breath called cause certainly close combination common commonly compound connection consonant corresponding Corssen Curtius denote dental derived dialects difficult distinct Doric doubt early effect English examples explained express fact final further German give given Gothic Greek Greek and Latin hard idea Indo-European Italian Italy labial language later Latin least less letter loss lost meaning mentioned nasal natural nouns numerous occurs older original passed perhaps phonetic Plautus position possible present principle probably produced Prof radical reason reduplication regular represent result retained root rule Sanskrit secondary seems seen sense separation shew short side similar simple soft sometimes sound speech step suffix syllable symbol tion tongue trace variation verbs vowel weak weakened whence words
Page 110 - I venture to suggest that Teutonic and Italic Aryans witnessed the transition of the oak period into the beech period, of the bronze age into the iron age, and that while the Greeks retained phegos in its original sense, the Teutonic and Italian colonists transferred the name, as an appellative, to the new forests that were springing up in their •wild homes
Page 39 - ... that a more original form was sat: in which case the explanation does not seem so probable. It is essentially a guess and incapable of verification. On this question of the connection between idea and form, I adopt unhesitatingly Kenan's view1, "La liaison du sens et du mot n'est jamais ne'cessaire, jamais arbitraire, toujours elle est motive'e.
Page 133 - Some general inferences about the climate of our fatherland will be found in a note at the end of this chapter.
Page 13 - I feel strongly inclined to ascribe the phonetic diversity which we observe between Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin, to a previous state of language, in which, as in the Polynesian dialects, the two or three principal points of consonantal contact were not yet felt as definitely separated from each other.
Page 425 - THEOPHRASTUS— THE CHARACTERS OF THEOPHRASTUS. An English Translation from a Revised Text. With Introduction and Notes. By RC JEBB, MA, Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow. Extra fcap. 8vo. 6s. 6d.
Page 5 - All articulate sounds are produced by effort, by expenditure of muscular energy, in the lungs, throat, and mouth. This effort, like every other which man makes, he has an instinctive disposition to seek relief from, to avoid : we may call it laziness, or we may call it economy ; it is, in fact, either the one or the other, according to the circumstances of each separate case : it is laziness when it gives up more than it gains ; economy, when it gains more than it abandons.
Page 425 - MAYOR (JOSEPH B.)— GREEK FOR BEGINNERS. By the Rev. JB MAYOR, MA, Professor of Classical Literature in King's College, London. Part I., with Vocabulary, is.
Page 65 - H is to the vowels exactly what P is to B, F to V, s to Z, &c. — a breath-variety of the same formations." Prof. Whitney will not allow that H when followed by a vowel has any independent existence: there is one position of the mouth, and but one, for what we commonly regard as two sounds in ha, he, ho, &c. He says", "H is an anomalous member of the alphabet.
Page 347 - k is the hardest of all consonants to pronounce, and requires the most distinct articulation to keep the sound pure from subsidiary breaths. If we pronounce it lazily without fully opening the mouth, the result is that together with it a slight w-sound is quite unconsciously pronounced, because the position of the tongue is almost exactly the same for k and g as for w, and if the lips be nearly shut an imperfect labial is necessarily produced : the k or g sound is followed by a labial after-sound,...
Page 70 - king.' 4. The palatal letters ^ ch and *lj have the sound of ch in 'church* and ofj in 'join.' 5. The lingual letters are said to be pronounced by bringing the lower surface of the tongue against the roof of the palate. As a matter of fact the ordinary pronunciation of t, d, n in English is what Hindus would call lingual, and it is essential to distinguish the Sanskrit dentals by bringing the tip of the tongue against the very edge of the upper front-teeth. In transcribing English words the natives...