An introduction to logic and scientific method
An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method is a college level primer on logic. This book was widely used by scholars especially those studying economics as an introduction to logical thought in preparation for intellectual discourse. Ludwig von Mises was known to say that all students of economics should read this book as a first step in their training as economists.
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THE SUBJECT MATTER OF LOGIC
Partial Evidence or Probable Inference
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affirmative alternative analysis antecedent antilogism Archimedes argument Aristotle assert assumptions axioms believe calculus calculus of classes called canon categorical propositions categorical syllogism cause Chap conclusion connected consequences Consider contains contradictory contrapositive deductive definiens definition demonstrated denoted determine discover discussion disjunctive disjunctive proposition distinct distributed distribution of terms elements employed enthymemes equivalent evidence examine example expressed fact fallacy false figure formal geometry gism heads Hence hypothesis hypothetical syllogism imply independent individuals induction instances integers interpretation knowledge l-class laws logical principles major premise mathematicians mathematics meaning mortal nature negative non-Euclidean geometry objects observed obtained possible postulate predicate probability of getting proof properties propo prove question reader reason regarded relation rule scientific method sitions subject matter Suppose syllogism symbols theorems theory things tion tive triangle true universal propositions verifiable virtue words