An introduction to the theory of educational measurements
"This volume is the outgrowth of an attempt by the author to give, to advanced college and graduate students, a course which would equip them so that they would be able to make critical studies of educational tests and to form intelligent judgments with reference to their usefulness. Although the volume is the direct outgrowth of the author's attempts to instruct college students, he hopes that it will afford a means of giving to superintendents and others who direct the use of educational tests in our public schools a point of view, as well as acquainting them with certain fundamental principles which seem necessary in order to secure the maximum returns from the investments that are being made in this field. The number of available educational tests has multiplied until it is necessary for one who is formulating a testing program to make a selection of the tests to be used. This selection should be made intelligently. After the tests are selected they should be used to increase the efficiency of the school. It is the author's hope that this volume will prove helpful in assisting those working with educational tests to accomplish these ends"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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The Beginnings of Standardized Objec
Origin of standard objective tests Groups of workers eontrib
Two kinds of description Scales used for quantitative descrip
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abilities of pupils achievement quotient answers calculated capacity to learn cent of pupils central tendency coefficient of correlation constant errors construction Courtis Standard Research derived described E. L. Thorndike Educational Measurements Educational Psychology error of estimate error of measurement examination example exer field formula frequency distribution given grade norms group of pupils handwriting Hence instruction intelligence quotient interpretation interval Journal of Educational large number level of difficulty magnitude means meas measuring instrument median ment mental age method Nassau County necessary normal distribution number of exercises number of pupils paired facts point scores probable error procedure pupil's achievement pupil's performance pupil's score quality scale reliability represent samples school grade school subjects school system scores yielded secured Silent Reading Test spelling standard deviation standard of accuracy Standard Research Tests standardized educational tests standardized objective tests Thorndike tion unit validity variable errors zero point