'An Offer You Can't Refuse': Workfare in International Perspective
Ivar Lødemel, Heather Trickey
Policy Press, 2001 - Political Science - 357 pages
In the 1990s, the developed world has witnessed a pendulum swing away from unconditional entitlement to social assistance towards greater emphasis on obligations and conditions tied to the receipt of financial assistance. With the introduction of targeting through administrative reforms, conditions of entitlement have been narrowed. The product of research funded by the European Union, this title compares work-for-welfare (workfare) policies objectively. It considers well-known schemes from the United States alongside more overlooked examples of workfare to be found in six European countries.
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one A new contract for social assistance I
two Between subsidiarity and social assistance the French
three Uneven development local authorities and workfare
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active labour market administration agencies aims ALMP authorities claimants compulsory considered contract convergence Danish Danmarks Statistik Deal Denmark dependency described economic eligibility emphasis employers entitlement example expenditure extent families federal focus food stamps France funded Germany HM Treasury ideological implementation income increased individual insertion policies insertion programmes integration introduction of workfare job creation labour market policies Lodemel long-term unemployed measures municipalities Netherlands Norway Norwegian obligation OECD options organisations Oslo participants placements policy inheritance policy makers political population problems PRWORA regime requirements Research responsibility result sanctioning sector seven countries social assistance recipients social assistance schemes social exclusion social insurance social policy social security social services Statistics Norway strategy subsidised employment TANF target group unemployment benefit unemployment insurance wage welfare reform welfare-to-work work-for-benefit workfare policies workfare programmes worklessness young unemployed