An organized approach to musculoskeletal examination and history taking
1. Organization of the History -- 2. How to Obtain a History of Current Illness -- 3. Physical Examination -- Initial Impression -- Inspection -- Palpation -- 4. Range of Motion -- 5. Neurological Examination -- 6. Stability (Laxity) Assessment -- 7. Special Tests -- 8. Measurements -- 9. Vascularity -- 10. Gait Analysis -- 11. General Assessment -- 12. Special Considerations -- 13. Specialized Testing of the Hand -- 14. Conclusion.
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How to Obtain a History of Current
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90 degrees abducted position abnormal acute injury ankle applied assessment biceps brachial cervical spine chief complaint clinical contracture crepitus cruciate ligament deficiency degrees of flexion described determined diagnosis disease dislocation distal dorsiflexion elbow elevation elicit examiner's example extension Extensor external rotation Figure finger flexion deformity flexion Fig foot gait analysis genu varum glenoid Grade hand humeral head Innervation instability joint knee pain lesion limb lower extremity lumbar spine medial ment midline MUSCLE TESTING neurological examination neutral normal occur opposite side palpation paresthesias patella pathology patient demonstrates performed peripheral nerve physical examination physician plane plantar flexion posterior problem quadriceps radial range of motion reflex Resist rheumatoid arthritis root rotator cuff rotator cuff tear scapula sensory shoulder significant Special tests straight leg raising subluxation suggestive supine position surgery swelling symptoms tendon test Fig thigh thoracic thumb tibia tion translation ulnar upper extremities valgus varus vascular wrist