Anaesthesia, Pain, Intensive Care and Emergency A.P.I.C.E.: Proceedings of the 21st Postgraduate Course in Critical Medicine: Venice-Mestre, Italy - November 10-13, 2006

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A. Gullo
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 10, 2007 - Medical - 475 pages
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Developing sectors in the intensive care field - and in critical care medicine in general - require specific levels of competence having a same common denominator: an in-depth knowledge of human pathophysiology. Although this volume presents plenty of topics in constant evolution, as witnessed by the collection of chapters compiled by several researchers, this edition includes, in particular, fields in which decision making at the patient’s bedside prevails over theoretical argumentation. In other words, the first and foremost message this edition wants to provide is for the reader to focus his/her attention on evidence-based medicine.

 

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Contents

Dying in the Intensive Care Unit
3
LUNG
8
Genetics and molecular biology in acute lung injury
11
Lung respiratory mechanics artificial ventilation
18
The pressurevolume curve
29
Methods for assessing expiratory flow limitation during tidal breathing
41
How to ventilate braininjured patients in respiratory failure
53
Helping surgical patients to give up smoking
68
Challenges in trauma care
246
Advances in trauma care
257
PERIOPERATIVE MEDICINE
279
Standards of care in operating theatres
280
Audit
291
Focus on entropy and surgical stress index
301
Neuraxial anaesthesia and anticoagulation
318
Regional anaesthesia in the patient with preexisting neurological dysfunction
325

Respiratory issues and ventilatory strategies for morbidly obese patients
75
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE EMERGENCY
84
Fluid and electrolyte emergency
85
Electrolyte emergencies anion gap osmolality
97
Acute renal failure
109
Acute liver failure
129
INFECTIONS AND SEPSIS
141
Pneumonia in ventilated patients Severe Gram negative infections the impact on mortality and its prevention
143
Grampositive ventilatorassociated pneumonia impact on mortality
154
Fungal infections in the ICU
163
Focus on the diagnosis and treatment of severe meningitis
171
Plasma filtration in sepsis a research protocol
180
HIGHLIGHTS ON CIRCULATORY FAILURE CPR AND TRAUMA
189
The cell in shock
191
Tissue partial pressure of carbon dioxide tension measurements and microcirculation visualisation New techniques for the study of low flow states
203
Ventricular fibrillation and defibrillation contemporary understanding of mechanisms
215
Arterial waveform analysis to determine cardiovascular parameters
225
The Utstein style for the reporting of data from cardiac arrest
237
Infectious complications of regional anaesthesia
337
The Mayo Clinic total joint analgesic pathway
345
Acute therapy in patients with wideQRS complex tachyarrhythmias
353
OBSTETRICS AND PAEDIATRICS
363
Obstetrics at high risk
364
Resuscitation of the newborn
377
Regional anaesthesia in neonates
385
Locoregional anaesthesia in children
396
Management of CRRT in paediatrics
405
Severity scores in paediatric intensive care units
413
Analgesia and sedation during mechanical ventilation in paediatrics
421
COMPUTING
434
Latency reduction in clinical and translational research
435
CRITICAL CARE BLEEDING
447
New frontiers in critical bleeding
449
Evaluation of performance of ICUs
455
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