Anaesthetic and Extracorporeal Gas Transfer
This book presents a rigorous analysis of a wide range of gas transfer problems of common interest in anesthesia and intensive care. Oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide elimination are prerequisites of the maintenance of human life, and the judicious administration of anesthetic agents remains the primary means of achieving unconsciousness during surgical operations. The book discusses a wide range of equipment used in modern hospital practice to control these aspects of a patient's therapy. Many of the solutions are presented for the first time. This is the first text to cover the whole spectrum of gas transfer from single oxygen masks to artificial lungs in a form which is accessible to both clinicians and biomedical engineering students.
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0xygen and carbon dioxide transport in the body
Medical breathing systems
4 other sections not shown
alveolar gas alveolar gas equation alveoli Anaesthesia anaesthetic agents anaesthetic vapour approximately assuming blood flow boundary layer breathing system bypass C02 fraction C02 retention index C02 transfer carrier gas cent set changes concentration constant controlled ventilation curve dead space delivered device diffusion enflurane entrainment duct equal equation ether expiratory valve expired gas extracorporeal FECO2 fresh gas flow function gas exchange gases gradient haemoglobin halothane inhalational anaesthetics inlet inspiratory flow inspired gas isoflurane Journal of Anaesthesia Magill Mapleson Mapleson A system mask measured methoxyflurane mixture nitrous oxide normal output oxygen and C02 oxygen transfer parallel plate membrane partial pressure patient plenum chamber plenum vaporizer plotted in Fig predicts psat rebreathing index relationship reservoir tube resistance respiratory quotient side of eqn solution splitting ratio spontaneous ventilation steady T-piece system temperature tidal volume trichloroethylene values variable velocity volume VD