Analogy in Science: From a Psychological Perspective
This study seeks to determine the functions of analogy in the practice of scientific enquiry. Two groups of problems are considered: (1) analogy as an object of research, and (2) the role of analogical thinking as a method of scientific research. Certain aspects of research upon analogy in such areas as empistemology, semiotics, psychology, cultural studies, linguistics and the science of science are discussed. In exploring analogy as a method for scientific work the following cognitive functions are presented: heuristic, systematic, descriptive, explicative, assentive, argumentative and didactic.
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Analogy as by different disciplines
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according analogical connection analogical inference analogical reasoning analogy based analogy in science analogy in scientific analysis animals animistic assimilation attitude base relations basis behaviour child cognitive functions cognitive scheme conception concerning concluding by analogy conclusion concrete consider constitutes Copernicus correspondence cybernetics differentiation discussion domain elements epistemological established example existence explication expression fact formulating the relations foundation function of analogy G.E.R. Lloyd Gniezno Door gnostic heuristic history of science human hypotheses indicated inference by analogy knowledge language linguistic logical logy luminous object magic thinking mathematics meaning mechanism mental method methodological myth natural sciences notion perceived perception person P2 phenomena precisely presented primitive cultures principle of analogy problem psychic psychological regard rela relation of analogy result role of analogy scientific cognition scientific disciplines semiotic similar situation so-called stage stressed structure syncretic systematizing theory thinking by analogy tion traits