Analysing and Aiding Decision Processes
P. Humphreys, O. Svenson, A. Vári
Elsevier, Apr 1, 2000 - Psychology - 562 pages
This book contains an edited selection of papers presented at the Eighth Research Conference on Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision Making, held in Budapest. Together they span a wide range of new developments in studies of decision making, the practice of decision analysis and the development of decision-aiding technology.
The volume is arranged in sections: Societal Decision Making; Organizational Decision Making; Aiding the Structuring of Small Scale Decision Problems, and Tracing Decision Processes.
The emphasis is on decision processes and structures and their applications, rather than formal modelling in isolation, thus reflecting current developments in research and practice which follow from the understanding of the nature and operation of decision theoretical models gained during the 1970's.
The fifth section, A Symposium on the Validity of Studies on Heuristics and Biases, is of a different nature. The papers take stock of the considerable volume of work investigation ``heuristics and biases'' in decision making over the past decade, and their implication for theory and practice.
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actions application approach aspects attributes Behavior Brunel University choice cognitive compensatory concern conflict correlation criteria decision aid decision analysis decision maker decision problems decision process decision rules decision situation decision theory described dimensions discussed dominance structure effects estimate evaluation example experiment experimental facility factors fatalities Fischhoff goal grand scale heuristics human Humphreys IAEA identified IIASA important individual interaction involved judgments Kahneman Laxenburg MAMP MAUD3 measures methods mortality risks multi-attribute utility multi-attribute utility theory nursing home objectives option set organisational Organizational Behavior outcomes Oxnard paper Pitz Point Conception possible preference present problem structuring procedure promising alternative protocols Psychology ratings relevant reports representation requirements response risk assessments role second-order probabilities session sion siting Sjöberg Slovic smoking specific strategies Svenson systems analysis task techniques theory tion tive Tversky Ulvila uncertainty utility function variable verbal weights Winterfeldt