Analysis of metallurgical failures
This reference guide or undergraduate text shows how to determine, by analyzing metallurgical failures, the validity of a product design. This revision of a successful work features new techniques in electron microscopy, testing fracture toughness, and fracture mechanics. Describes destructive and nondestructive techniques regarding their advantages, limitations, applications, and meaning. Written to be understood by all engineers concerned about component failure this edition approaches typical problem areas from a physical and mechanical viewpoint. Describes the relationship between the practical and the theoretical, so that failure analyses can best be resolved and failure recurrence prevented. Maintains English and SI units throughout.
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abrasive acid adhesion alloy aluminum American Society applied ASTM attack austenite brittle fracture carburized casting cause Charpy test component composition concentration crack growth crack propagation crack tip damage decarburization decreases defects ductile ductile fracture effect Electrode dressing energy Excessive current factors failure analysis fatigue failure ferrite flaws fractographic fracture mechanics fracture surface fracture toughness grain boundaries heat treatment hydrogen damage hydrogen embrittlement impact test inclusions increases initiation Insufficient electrode force interface intergranular liquid load macroscopic martensite material maximum mechanical properties Metallurgy microstructure notch nugget occurs orientation particles penetration pitting plane plane strain plastic deformation porosity precracked Radiographic Reproduced by permission residual stresses result segregation shear stress shown in Fig shows Society for Metals solid solidification solute specimen stainless steels strain stress corrosion cracking striations structure techniques temperature tempering tensile stresses thermal tion usually wear weld yield strength