Analysis of the Medium-term Effects of Hurricane Mitch on Food Security in Central America
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Jan 1, 2001 - Food availability - 103 pages
During the final week of October 1998, Hurricane Mitch - arguably the worst natural disaster of the twentieth century - hit Central America, and Honduras and Nicaragua in particular. Hurricane Mitch hit a region that was just recovering from the effects of the El Nino Southern Oscillation, with its formidable droughts, forest fires and floods. The destruction was especially significant among the rural population of small producers of basic grains (maize, beans and rice), because this sector of the population lives and farms on alluvial lands, floodplains and hillsides with poor soil and limited soil-management or soil-conservation systems.
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International Fund for Agricultural Development
AVAILABILITY OF BASIC FOODS
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activity affected by Hurricane affected countries agricultural cycle Agriculture Ministries Annex assistance average basic basket basic foods basic grains Belize Guatemala Central America Central American region Central Banks CEPREDENAC cereals consumption coordination Costa Rica countries affected countries concerned crops damage decline dietary domestic production ECLAC economic emergency especially export extreme poverty farming food aid food basket food insecurity funding Golden Rice growers growth Guatemala 1997 hectares highest Honduras and Nicaragua Hurricane Mitch impact of Hurricane implemented imports income institutions Livestock living in extreme maize maize and beans markets million tonnes N/a Guatemala N/a N/a N/a n/d n/d n/d natural disasters Nicaragua 1997 non-governmental organizations nutritional organizations overall OXFAM percentage planting areas prevention and relief production of basic programmes remaining countries rice risk rural areas SICA small producers Source strategy sustained Table tonnes Trade Trends UNDP urban vulnerability