Analytical applications of nuclear techniques
International Atomic Energy Agency, 2004 - Business & Economics - 203 pages
The IAEA has compiled this overview of current applications of nuclear analytical techniques (NATs). The contributions included in this book describe a variety of nuclear techniques and applications, such as those in the fields of environment and health, industrial processes, non-destructive testing, forensic and archaeological investigations, cosmochemistry and method validation. The techniques covered range from classical instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), its radiochemical derivative RNAA, in-beam methods such as prompt y neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), to X ray fluorescence (XRF) and proton induced X ray emission (PIXE) spectroscopy. Isotopic techniques to investigate element behaviour in biology and medicine, and also to validate other non-nuclear analytical techniques, are described. Destructive and non-destructiveapproaches are presented, along with their use to investigate very small and very large samples, archaeological samples and extraterrestrial samples. Several nuclear analytical applications in industry are described that have considerable socioeconomic impact wherever they can be implemented.
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Chemical characterization of extraterrestrial materials
Laser mass spectrometry
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Accelerator Mass Spectrometry activation analysis INAA analytical methods applied archaeological arsenic atomic Baszkowka Belo Horizonte Berlin Bibliography BODE bomb pulse boron Brazil Cadmium carbon ceramics Chem Chemistry chromium compounds contamination detection limits detector determination developed E-mail electron emission energy environment environmental estuarine sediments fission forensic halogen high purity IAEA ICP-MS inductively coupled plasma instrumental neutron activation investigated iodine ionization ions irradiation isotope KRIVAN laboratory Lake Okutama large samples levels mass spectrometry Materialforschung materials matrix measurement MENEZES ments mercury metals meteorites migration Napoleon's hair neutron activation analysis nique non-destructive Nucl nuclear analytical techniques nuclear techniques nuclides obtained organohalogen particles PGAA PGNAA photons plastic pollutants positronium procedure production radiation radioactive Radioanal radiocarbon dating radioisotope radionuclides radiotracer ray fluorescence XRF recycled paper RNAA selenium sensitivity solve spectroscopy studies Tama River tech Technology tion toenail Tokyo trace elements uranium X ray zinc