Analyzing Urban Poverty: GIS for the Developing World
In developing countries, squatter developments are without infrastructure, dense with dwellings without ownership, and built from materials at hand. Yet they house more than one-third of the urban population in developing countries and are valued by residents. The scope and depth of urban poverty in squatter developments requires immediate action. Analyzing Urban Poverty: GIS in the Developing World shows how geographic information systems (GIS) can be used in developing countries to improve quality of life in poor urban areas. With thirty years of experience using GIS technology to manage urban problems in Venezuelan barrios, Rosario Giusti de Prez and Ramn Prez describe how they developed sustainable solutions that go beyond conventional planning programs. Chapters cover site analyses of the natural and built environments, visualizing poverty maps, developing appropriate improvement proposals, managing these projects, and organizing communities and encouraging their participation.
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A sustainable approach to problems in urban squatter developments 1
Site analysis of the urbanbuilt
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analysis analyze barrios behavior boundaries building built environment Caracas Claveles combined community participation conservation model define developing countries Dona Evangelista drainage environmental ESRI establish existing facade feasibility map FIGURE formal city geodatabase geomorphology Giusti de Perez grades of poverty group typologies identify improvement plan improvement projects infrastructure invisible poverty land located Los Claveles Map by Ramon Map by Rosano Maracaibo ModelBuilder open space overlay pedestrian Perez and assistants Petare Agricultura Photo by authors physical and social physical units planners planning agencies poverty conditions poverty index poverty maps problems project management project management software public space residents Rosano C Giusti Satellite image sector settlement shows slopes social network squatter developments subdivisions terrain threshold theory upgrading urban built urban design unit urban development urban fabric urban form urban interventions urban planning urban scene urban services urban space variables Venezuela visible poverty