Anaphora and Conceptual Structure

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University of Chicago Press, Sep 2, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 255 pages
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Karen van Hoek presents a cogent analysis of the classic problem of constraints on pronominal anaphora within the framework of Cognitive Grammar. Van Hoek proceeds from the position that grammatical structure can be characterized in terms of semantic and phonological representations, without autonomous syntactic structures or principles such as tree structures or c-command. She argues that constraints on anaphora can be explained in terms of semantic interactions between nominals and the contexts in which they are embedded.

Integrating the results of previous work, Van Hoek develops a model in which some nominals function as "conceptual reference points" that dominate over stretches defined by the semantic relations among elements. When a full noun is in the domain of a reference point, coreference is ruled out, since the speaker would be sending contradictory messages about the salience of the noun's referent.

With profound implications for the nature of syntax, this book will interest theoretical linguists of all persuasions.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
THE CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF THE CONSTRAINTS
3
THE NATURE AND LIMITATIONS OF CCOMMAND
6
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SYNTAX AND DISCOURSE
11
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS
15
DESIDERATA FOR A MODEL OF ANAPHORA CONSTRAINTS
30
NOMINAL SEMANTICS
31
ANAPHORA CONSTRAINTS AND GRAMMATICALLY JUDGMENTS
44
THE REPLICATE PROCESS CONCEPTION
154
REFERENCE POINT ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE COMPLEMENT CHAIN
158
THE ANTECEDENT AS REFERENCE POINT
159
SUMMARY
169
REFLEXIVES
171
PROTOTYPICAL VALUES OF THE REFLEXIVE
172
THE SCHEMATIC REFLEXIVE CONFIGURATIONS
178
EXTENSION FROM THE EMPHATIC REFLEXIVE
179

REFERENCE POINTS AND THE COMPLEMENT CHAIN
47
REFERENCE POINTS AND DOMINIONS
52
THE COMPLEMENT CHAIN
63
POV SHIFTS AND THE COMPLEMENT CHAIN
73
SUMMARY
78
CONCEPTUAL CONNECTIVITY
79
MODIFIERS INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE PROCESS CONCEPTION
82
PREPOSED MODIFIERS
94
SUMMARY
106
BEYOND THE ANAPHORA CONSTRAINTS
107
BACKWARDS ANAPHORA
108
THE PROTOTYPICAL CONFIGURATION
111
THE PRONOUN AS PERIPHERAL ELEMENT
120
REPEAT IDENTIFICATION
128
SUMMARY
131
ANAPHORA IN DISCOURSE
132
SUMMARY
144
BOUND ANAPHORA
146
QUANTIFIER SEMANTICS
148
BOUND ANAPHORA
151
POV REFLEXIVES
182
CONSTRAINTS ON DISTRIBUTION OF REFLEXIVES
192
POINT OF VIEW
199
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REFERENCE POINT AND POV
200
POV DOMINIONS
206
VIEWING WITHIN THE COMPLEMENT CHAIN
210
SHIFTING BETWEEN SPACES
214
SUMMARY
216
CONCLUSION
217
NOMINAL SEMANTICS
219
INTERACTION OF SCHEMAS
220
CONCEPTUAL FACTORS IN REFERENCE POINT ORGANIZATION
225
CROSSLINGUISTIC APPLICABILITY
228
APPLICATIONS BEYOND ANAPHORA
231
SUMMARY
232
NOTES
233
REFERENCES
243
INDEX
253
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About the author (1997)

Elizabeth A. Kaye specializes in communications as part of her coaching and consulting practice. She has edited Requirements for Certification since the 2000-01 edition.


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