Anaphora and Definite Descriptions: Two Applications of Game-Theoretical Semantics

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 31, 1985 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 250 pages
0 Reviews
I n order to appreciate properly what we are doing in this book it is necessary to realize that our approach to linguistic theorizing differs from the prevailing views. Our approach can be described by indicating what distinguishes it from the methodological ideas current in theoretical linguistics, which I consider seriously misguided. Linguists typically construe their task in these days as that of making exceptionless generalizations from particular examples. This explanatory strategy is wrong in several different ways. It presupposes that we can have "intuitions" about particular examples, usually examples invented by the linguist himself or herself, reliable and sharp enough to serve as a basis of sharp generalizations. It also presupposes that we cannot have equally reliable direct access to general linguistic regularities. Both assumptions appear to me extremely dubious, and the first of them has in effect been challenged by linguists like Dwight Bol inger. There is also some evidence that the degree of unanimity among linguists is fairly low when it comes to less clear cases, even in connection with such relatively simple questions as grammaticality (acceptability). For this reason we have tried to rely more on quotations from contemporary fiction, newspapers and magazines than on linguists' and philosophers' ad hoc examples. I also find it strange that some of the same linguists as believe that we all possess innate ideas about general characteristics of humanly possible grammars assume that we can have access to them only via their particular consequences.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

General
3
Equivalence with Tarskitype truthdefinitions
6
Translation to higherorder languages
7
Partially ordered quantifiers
8
Subgames and functional interpretations
9
Extension to natural languages
11
Similarities and differences between formal and natural languages
14
Competing ordering principles
18
Vagaries of the alleged headanaphor relation
54
The anaphoric use of definite descriptions as a semantical phenomenon
56
The quantifierexclusion phenomenon in natural languages
59
Inductive choice sets
63
Other uses of the
64
The Russellian use
66
The generic use motivated
68
Conclusions from the pragmatic deduction
69

Atomic sentences
21
Further rules for natural languages
22
Explanatory strategies
27
Notes to Part I
33
Prima facie difficulties with Russells theory
38
Can we localize Russells theory?
45
Gametheoretical solution to the localization problem
47
Anaphoric the in formal languages
50
Applications
51
Epithetic and counterepithetic thephrases
53
Notes to Part ll
75
A GameTheoretical Approach to Anaphora
87
The Exclusion Principle
113
General Theoretical Issues
129
GTS explains Coreference Restrictions
157
Comparisons with Other Treatments
197
Notes to Part III
223
Subject Index
235
Name Index
249
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1985)

Jaakko Hintikka is the author or co-author of thirty volumes and of some 300 scholarly articles in mathematical and philosophical logic, epistemology, language theory, philosophy of science, history of ideas and history of philosophy, including Aristotle, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Peirce, The Bloomsbury Group, Husserl and Wittgenstein. He has also been active in international scholarly organizations, most recently as the First Vice-President of FISP, Vice-President of IIP and Co-Chair of the American Organizing Committee of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. He has been Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal Synthese and the Managing Editor of Synthese Library since 1965.

Bibliographic information