Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1988 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 285 pages
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This book is based in large part on fieldwork that I conducted in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. I am thankful for a Fulbright Award for Research in Western Europe and a Faculty Development Award from the University of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a less tangible, but no less real, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose work initially sparked my interest, and led me to undertake this project. I want to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who read portions of Chapter 3 and 5. I am particularly grateful though to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and two anonymous referees who read a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, providing me with criticisms that improved this final version considerably. The Welsh nationalist community in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany productive. I am indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice among others for sharing their knowledge of their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard were especially patient and helpful. Without their assistance this work would have been infinitely poorer. I am hopeful that this book will help stimulate more interest in the Celtic languages and culture, and assist, even in a small way, those in Wales and Brittany who struggle to keep their language and culture strong.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
2 AN OVERVIEW OF GOVERNMENT BINDING THEORY
3
3 AN OVERVIEW OF THE MAJOR RESULTS OF THIS STUDY
19
CELTIC AGREEMENT THE AVOID PRONOUN PRINCIPLE AND BINDING THEORY
25
2 BRETON AGREEMENT MARKERS DETERMINED BY THE AVOID PRONOUN PRINCIPLE
26
TO WELSH
37
32 The Null Subject and Prepositional Object Contain Instances of pro
39
33 The A void Pronoun Principle and the Distribution of Welsh NP Agreement
43
22 Relative Pronouns Are Interpreted By Control Theory
153
3 RELATIVE PRONOUNS ARE PRONOMINAL ANAPHORS
157
31 The Distribution of French Relative Pronouns
158
32 An Explanation for When S Is a Bounding Node
164
33 Infinitival Complementizers and the Head of S
170
4 WELSH AND BRETON LACK RELATIVE PRONOUNS
173
42 Welsh and Breton Infinitival Complementizers Are Not the Head of S
174
43 S Is Not a Bounding Node for Subjacency in Welsh and Breton
185

34 Welsh Pronouns with AGR and the Avoid Pronoun Analysis
45
35 Pronouns that Cooccur with Agreement in Breton
51
BRETON AND WELSH HAVE A NULL AGR
53
5 AGR AS A SUBJECT FOR THE BINDING THEORY
61
RAISING AND PASSIVIZATION IN BRETON AN ARGUMENT FOR ANAPHORIC TRACES
72
2 THE BRETON RAISING TO SUBJECT CONSTRUCTION
73
22 Breton Raising to Subject Involves Anaphoric Traces
76
3 RAISING STRUCTURES PARALLEL PASSIVE STRUCTURES
83
FURTHER IMPLICATIONS
89
Problems for Other Theories of Agreement
93
422 Breton Agreement is not an Incorporated Pronoun
97
A Revision of Burzios Generalization
101
5 CONCLUSION
105
PROINFL AND REDUCED STRUCTURES
108
2 SOME INFLs MISSING IN WELSH AND ENGLISH ARE PROINFL
110
3 CORROBORATING EVIDENCE FOR THE PROINFL ANALYSIS
122
32 Reduced WhQuestions Do Not Contain PROINFL
127
4 CONTRACTION AND REDUCED STRUCTURES
133
5 A COMPETING ANALYSIS
140
6 BRETON IS CONSISTENT WITH THE PROINFL ANALYSIS
141
GOVERNMENT AND THE CONNECTION BETWEEN RELATIVE PRONOUNS COMPLEMENTIZERS AND SUBJACENCY
147
21 Relative Pronouns Are Pronominal Anaphors
148
432 Welsh and Breton Bounding Nodes
196
5 COMPETING ANALYSES AND OTHER ARGUMENTS
205
6 CONCLUSION
208
THE INTERACTION OF GOVERNMENT THEORY WITH SYNTHETIC AGREEMENT
214
2 THE ECP GIVES A UNIFIED TREATMENT OF COMPLEMENTIZERS AND AGREEMENT IN WELSH MOVEMENT STRUCTURES
216
22 Welsh Structures Involving Long Distance Whmovement
222
23 Extraction Over Uninflected Verbs in Welsh
226
3 TWO ASYMMETRIES IN BRETON AND WELSH EXTRACTION
227
32 Welsh and Breton Extraction Over Finite Verbs
230
4 WELSH AND BRETON EXTRACTION FROM NEGATIVES
233
5 COMPETING ANALYSES AND ARGUMENTS
240
52 Another Analysis of Breton Agreement and the ECP
242
43 Another Analysis of Welsh Relativization
247
6 SUBJECTOBJECT ASYMMETRIES AT LF AND THE ECP
250
61 SubjectObject Asymmetries in Multiple WhQuestions
251
62 Quantification and SubjectObject Asymmetries at LF
254
8 CONCLUSION
259
REFERENCES
264
INDEX OF LANGUAGES
271
INDEX OF NAMES
273
SUBJECT INDEX
278
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