Anaphoric relations in Hindi and English
The book explores the anaphoric relations in Hindi (and English) in the framework of the Government and Binding Theory (GB) developed by Chomsky (1980-81) to account for complex surface properties of a language in a principled manner. In particular, the book deals with the three principles of the Binding Theory of GB and tests their universal applicability vis-à-vis Hindi data. The present study investigates the conditions under which nominal elements in Hindi (whether they are referential expressions, pronominal elements or anaphors) may stand in a relation of co-reference to one another. The book concerns itself with the question of considering for the GB theory the implications of the consequences of the investigations. The book also suggests some possible modifications to explain and accommodate the observed differences. The book contributes to linguistics research both at a descriptive and theoretical level. It also helps uncover systematic patterns of both similarity and variation between Hindi and English. It also points to various areas of research needed to be conducted before a comprehensive theory of Hindi syntax can be arrived at.
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ANAPHORANTECEDENT RELATIONS IN HINDI
Reflexives in the Subject Position
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A-bound A-position aayaa accessible SUBJECT anaphoric domain antecedent apnaa ghar apne aap apnii kitaab assigned Bijection Principle binding theory bound c-commands the pronoun case-marker Chomsky coindexed with jOn coindexed with merii COMP position containing coreference dative dekhaa disjoint reference ek duusre gayaa gender gerund go-inf governing category harek he-erg Icelandic indirect object INFL John asked Mary John saw John-erg Mary John-n jOn ne merii kahaa ki merii kisko kisko pyaar kissed Mary liye kaam Mary kissed Mary to selfs Mary-erg matrix merii ko pyaar movement naaraaz nahii non-finite clause non-subject object NP pasand possessive pronoun possessive reflexive preposed problem pronominal binding pyaar kartii pyaar kiyaa quantifier R-expressions reciprocal reduplicated form reflexive in Hindi reflexive pronoun reflexivization S-structure selfs book selfs house sentences specifier position subject NP subject position subjunctive tasviir tensed trace left uske uskii apnii uskii bahin usko usne kahaa usne merii variable verb wh-movement