Anatomical Terms and Their Derivation

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World Scientific, 2007 - Science - 126 pages
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Anatomical terms are the vocabulary of medicine. Anatomy began as a descriptive science in the days when Latin was the universal scientific language. Early anatomists described the structures they saw in that language, comparing them to common and familiar objects, or borrowing terms from the Greek and Arabic masters before them. In anatomic terminology, common Latin or Greek words are used as such for any part of the body for which the ancients had a name. For many other structures, scientific names have been invented either by using certain classical words which appear to be descriptive of the part concerned, or commonly, by combining Greek or Latin roots to form a new compound term. Memorization of such terms without understanding their meaning can lead to mental indigestion.As an aid to comprehension, this book also presents the roots from which many of these descriptive terms and compounds are derived. For practical convenience, the book is organized into abbreviations, prefixes and suffixes, general terms common to all body regions, short lists for each major body part, and an alphabetical list covering the entire body. This pocket-sized handbook is essential for anyone wishing to learn and understand medical terms.
 

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Contents

Abbreviations
1
Commonly Used Prefixes
2
Commonly Used Suffixes
6
Terms Common to All Anatomical Regions
7
Terms Important in the Upper Limb
21
Terms Important in the Lower Limb
28
Terms Important in the Thorax
35
Terms Important in the Abdomen and Pelvis
44
Terms Important in the Head and Neck
58
Terms Specific to the Nervous System
74
Alphabetical List of Terms
85
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