Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity
The continuing debate over the existence or non-existence of formal verbal aspect in Gothic triggered the author to write this monograph whose aim is to provide a completely new foundation for a theory of aspect and related features. Gothic, with its limited corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and showing interesting parallels with Slavic verbal constructions, serves and an illustrative model for the theory. In Part I the author argues that a unified theory of aspect, actional types, and verbal velocity presented there possesses an internal logic and is not at variance with observed facts in various Indo-European languages. In Part II an analysis is presented of the Gothic verb system which seeks to explain the much-disputed function of ga- and to solve the problem of Gothic aspect and actional types which does no violence either to the Gothic text or the Greek original.
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Language and Reality
Multipartite Actions and the Pulse
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achieve actional energy actional types actional velocity activity aftra Aktionsarten aligned aorist appears aspect system aspectual contrasts ausona auxou basic meaning Chapter complete act complete action complete change complexive aspect compounds concept constative discussion distinction duration English entire entity example factitive Forsyth function ga-cpd galagida German Gothic Greek imma Indo-European languages initial leap izwis Jesus languages Marache Mirowicz moderate processive multipartite multiple actions neutral aspect normally object observational present observer/reporter occur participle passage passive past patei perfective perfective aspect plexive point-oriented predicational present predicational type prefixes pulses punctual represent result Russian semantic significant simplex simplicia single occurrence Slavic Slavic languages someone spaghetti spatial specific statal static Streitberg 1891 strong processive Tatian taujan temporally complete tense tion tive true present Tychicus type 3b ufar Ulfila's unaligned verbal verbs of motion verse waila wairpan weak processives wisan