Anaximander and the Architects: The Contributions of Egyptian and Greek Architectural Technologies to the Origins of Greek Philosophy

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SUNY Press, Jan 4, 2001 - Architecture - 326 pages
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Anaximander and the Architects opens a previously unexplored avenue into Presocratic philosophy—the technology of monumental architecture. The evidence, coming directly from sixth century B.C.E. building sites and bypassing Aristotle, shows how the architects and their projects supplied their Ionian communities with a sprouting vision of natural order governed by structural laws. Their technological innovations and design techniques formed the core of an experimental science and promoted a rational, not mythopoetical, discourse central to our understanding of the context in which early Greek philosophy emerged. Anaximander’s prose book and his rationalizing mentality are illuminated in surprising ways by appeal to the ongoing, extraordinary projects of the archaic architects and their practical techniques.
 

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Contents

Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Philosophy
15
The Conventional View and Its Discontents
21
Technology as Politics
39
The Ionian Philosophers and Architects
47
Pherecydes Cosmogony and Legal Inscriptions
50
Prose in Archaic Architectural Treatises and the Community of Thales and Anaximander Theodorus and Rhoikos Chersiphron and Metagenes
55
The Contribution of the Egyptian Architects to the Ionian Greek Architects of the Archaic Period
66
An Overview of Monumental Temple Projects in Archaic Ionia
69
Anaximanders Techniques
163
Homers World Picture
169
Hesiods World Picture
172
The Plan or Aerial View
177
Three Dimensional ViewsThe Side Elevation Oblique and Axonometric Views
200
Technology as Politics The Origins of Greek Philosophy in Its Sociopolitical Context
219
The Aristocratic Patrons of Archaic Temples
223
The Argument for the Appropriation of Civic Authority
226

Design Choices
86
The Techniques of the Ancient Architects
97
The Evidence for Models
120
The Theory of Proportions
137
The Techniques of Anathyrosis and Empolion
149
Notes
241
Bibliography
295
Index
315
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About the author (2001)

Robert Hahn is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. He is the author of Formal Deductive Logic, Fifth Edition; Conduct and Constraints: Testing the Limits of the 'Harm Principle;' and Kant's Newtonian Revolution in Philosophy.

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