Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context
Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, Professor Augustin F C Holl
Rowman & Littlefield, 2000 - History - 294 pages
Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both popular lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: When, how and where was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metals play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of African metal working and analyze the specific uses, technology, and ideology of both copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. The volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.
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Adyeri African societies Afunfun Akjoujt anvil archaeological artifacts associated Babungo Barongo Barros basin basket Bassar bellows Bisson blacksmiths Buhaya burials Cameroon cast centimeters Central Africa century charcoal chief chiefdoms Childs clan clay Congo context copper metallurgy cultural cure salee currency dated Eghazer entabo Essomba evidence excavated Figure forge Fowler Ghana hammer widens Herbert important indigenous ingots Iron Age iron bloom iron metallurgy iron production iron smelting iron technology ironworkers Kansanshi Kaonde Killick kilometers kingdom Kipushi located Luba malachite Maret McNaughton 1988 Mema region Merwe metal meters mining mold mounds Ndop Plain Ngoyo Niger Ntogota nyakatagara pastoralists pattern political precolonial radiocarbon ritual role Sanaga River Say the hammer Schmidt settlements slag smelters smelting smelting furnace smelting sites smith social southern stick sub-Saharan Africa suggest symbolic Tanzania things tion trade traditional tuyere village Volavka Warnier West Africa Western Grassfields Yeke Zambia zone