Ancient Textiles: Production, Craft and Society : Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ancient Textiles, Held at Lund, Sweden, and Copenhagen, Denmark, on March 19-23, 2003

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Oxbow Books, 2007 - Social Science - 286 pages
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An understanding of textiles and the role they played in the past is important for anyone interested in past societies. Textiles served - and in fact still do - as both functional and symbolic items. The evidence for ancient textiles in Europe is split quite definitely along a north-south divide, with an abundance of actual examples in the north, but precious little in the south, where indirect evidence comes from such things as vase painting and frescoes. This volume brings together these two schools to look in more detail at textiles in the ancient world, and is based on a conference held in Denamrk and Sweden in March 2003. Section one, Production and Organisation, takes a chronological look through more than four thousand years of history, from Syria in the mid-third millennium BC, to Seventeenth Century Germany. Section two, Crafts and Technology, focuses on the relationship between the primary producer (the craftsman) and the secondary receiver (the archaeologist/conservator). The third section, Society, examines the symbolic nature of textiles, and their place within ancient societal groups. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on the universality of textiles, and the importance of information exchange between scholars from different disciplines.

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Contents

The World According to Textiles
7
by Use BenderJergensen
13
Some Observations
26
Textile Industry and Minoan Palaces
36
Flax and Linen Textiles in the Mycenaean Palatial Economy
46
The Kingdom of Midas and Royal Cloth Production
64
from Specialists to Workshops
71
Textiles from the 1st Century CE in Jerusalem a Preliminary Report
77
Under Canvas
122
Reconsidering Alum on the Linear B Tablets
130
Late Roman and Byzantine Linen Tunics in the Louvre Museum
139
Approaches to Understanding
158
SOCIETY
173
Weaving at Akrotiri Thera Defining Clothmaking Activities as a Social
190
Establishment
208
Wool Work as a Gender Symbol in Ancient Rome Roman Textiles
229

Dyeing in Ancient Italy? Evidence for the purpurarii
87
Local Cloth Production in Medieval Turku Finland
93
CRAFT AND TECHNOLOGY
103
The Use of Wool for the Production of Strings Ropes Braided Mats
112
FIRST AID FOR THE EXCAVATION
245
List of Contributors
259
Maps
287
Copyright

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