Seton Lloyd and Hans Wolfgang Müller describe the beginnings of architecture in the Ancient Near Middle East and Egypt, the brithplace of Western civilisation, where the newly born science of construction merged with an emerging aesthetic practice. This book examines sites and structures from neolithic temples in Anatolia to the royal tombs of Egypt. Each page combines reconstruction drawings of site plans, building perspectives, and decorative elements with photographs of archeological sites including aerial views and details. An extensive section is devoted to Egyptian architecture from its origins to the first century AC. Also included are the first dwellings on a circular plan, dating from the 8th millenium BC in Jordan, the famous site of Catal Hayuk, the ziggurat towers of the Neo-Assyrians and Neo -Babylonians, and the Achaemenids. The book examines the theological requirements, organization, and hierarchies in the architectural practices of the era.
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The Origins and the Protodynastic Period
The Dynastic Period
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Abydos Amenhotep Amenhotep III Amon Amon-Ra architect architecture Assyrian axis Bogazkoy building built burial capital ceiling century B.C. chambers chapel Chephren cliff colonnade columns court courtyard cult image decorated Deir el Bahari Dendera east Edfu Eighteenth Dynasty enclosure wall entrance excavated facade faces festival Fifth Dynasty front funerary Gate Giza gods granite Hathor Hatshepsut Heliopolis Horus hypostyle hall Karnak Khorsabad King Zoser Lower Egypt Lower Egyptian Luxor Memphis Mesopotamia Middle Kingdom millennium B.C. monumental mortuary precinct mortuary temple mud brick niche Nile obelisk Old Kingdom Osiris outer painted palace papyrus period Persepolis perspective reconstruction pillars plan of temple portal portico Ptolemaic pylon pyramid complex Ramesses III reliefs ritual royal tombs sacred sanctuary Saqqara sculpture shrine side stone Strommenger structure Sumerian temple of Amon-Ra terrace Thebes Third Dynasty throne towers Tuthmosis Tuthmosis III Twelfth Dynasty Upper Egypt Upper Egyptian valley temple vaulted West Thebes worship ziggurat