Ancient mesopotamian materials and industries: the archaeological evidence
This is the first systematic attempt to survey in detail the archaeological evidence for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in Ancient Mesopotamia, covering the period c.8000-300 BC. As creators of some of the earliest farming and urban communities known to us, these people were among the first pioneers of many crafts and skills that remain fundamental to modern ways of life. Many of the raw materials for crafts had to be imported from outside the river valley of the Tigris and Euphrates, providing an unusually sensitive indicator of the commercial and cultural contacts of Mesopotamia. In this book Dr Moorey reviews briefly the textual evidence, and then goes on to examine in detail the material evidence for a wide range of crafts using stones, both common and ornamental, animal products - from hippopotamus ivory to ostrich egg-shells - ceramics, glazed materials and glass, metals, and building materials. With a comprehensive bibliography, this will be a key work of reference for archaeologists and those interested in the early history of crafts and technology, as well as for specialist historians of the ancient near east.
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THE COMMON STONES
Limestone statuette of a man c 2500 bc Ashmolean Museum 1919 65 33
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Achaemenid agate Akkadian Akkadian period alloy Amiet amulets Anatolia ancient appear archaeological Arpachiyah artefacts Assyrian baked clay beads bitumen blue bowl bricks Bronze Age calcite carved cent century bc colour context copper cornelian cylinder seals decoration drill earliest Early Dynastic East Egypt Egyptian elephant Euphrates evidence excavations faience flint fragments frit Gawra glass glazed gold graves Gulf gypsum Halaf Halaf period identified indicate inlays inscriptions Iran Iraq iron ivory Kassite kiln Kish lapis lazuli later limestone Mallowan manufacture material Mesopotamia metal Moorey moulded Neo-Assyrian Nimrud Nineveh Nippur Nuzi objects obsidian Old Babylonian ornaments oxide painted palace pottery production quartz rare region repertory reported royal second millennium bc shape shell silver sources steatite stone vessels Sumer Sumerian surface Susa Syria techniques Tell Telloh temple Tepe texts third millennium bc turquoise Ubaid period Uruk Uruk period whilst Woolley workshops