And the Walls Came Tumbling Down: Kentucky, Texas Western, and the Game that Changed American Sports

Front Cover
Simon & Schuster, 1999 - Sports & Recreation - 256 pages
"I remember sitting in Mr. Grillo's high school English class one Friday afternoon in 1966 when the subject of that weekend's NCAA basketball tournament arose."

"As basketball fanatics, my friends and I argued the merits of the Final Four participants. No one mentioned Texas Western except to disparage the stunning racial makeup of their starting five."

"Five blacks! It was one thing for an inner-city high school to start five blacks, but for a college team at the Final Four, it was unprecedented."

""All you have to do is get ahead, " said one of my friends. "They give up when they're behind.""

""Kentucky is too smart, " said another. "I'll bet all Texas Western can do is run-and-gun.""

"The sad part was I believed it too."

"So when Kentucky was upset by Texas Western, with their tenacious defense, disciplined play, and marvelously named players like Big Daddy Lattin and Willie Cager, we were all stunned. My beliefs were shaken as severely as they would be in religion class that same junior year. Maybe I was wrong about the capabilities of black basketball players. About Catholicism. About a lot of things."

So begins Frank Fitzpatrick's stunning account of the 1966 NCAA championship game.

Late on the night of March 19, 1966, in the University of Maryland's Cole Field House, five unassuming black men from Texas Western stepped onto the court to face five white men from the University of Kentucky. On the surface, this was just another basketball game. But there were hidden forces at work. Kentucky's legendary coach, Adolph Rupp, had resisted the pleadings of his president to recruit his first black player in thirty-six years. Meanwhile, Texas Westernadministrators were concerned that coach Don Haskins was playing too many blacks. Almost everyone believed the game's result was a foregone conclusion: There was no way Texas Western's unheralded blacks could beat Rupp's mighty Kentucky Wildcats, featuring All-America Pat Riley. Yet Texas Western did win and American sports embarked on a new era.

That 1966 NCAA title game -- played at a turbulent moment in civil rights history -- marked the first major sporting championship in which an all-black starting team had played, let alone defeated, a white one. Not since Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier in 1947 had such a cultural watershed occurred in American sports. Sociologically and historically it was the most significant game ever in college athletics.

In "And the Walls Came Tumbling Down, " veteran sportswriter Frank Fitzpatrick examines the game, the history that preceded it, and the sweeping changes that followed in its wake. In profiling the coaches, the players, and the administrators, he details the impact of that championship game and paints a nuanced portrait of the events that belied the easy black-and-white characterization. Through his close look at this rare moment when sports led rather than followed the forces for social change, Fitzpatrick takes readers on an unparalleled journey that brings the riveting story of this landmark season to life.

From inside the book

What people are saying - Write a review

AND THE WALLS CAME TUMBLING DOWN: Kentucky, Texas Western, and the Game That Changed American Sports

User Review  - Kirkus

An admirably researched account of the barrier-shattering championship game that slam-dunked segregated college basketball. Outside of Jackie Robinson's baseball debut, perhaps no single sporting ... Read full review


Team Rosters
Our Reward Will Be in History

1 other sections not shown

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1999)

Frank Fitzpatrick has been an editor and writer with The Philadelphia Inquirer for the past eighteen years. Author of Worst to First: The Story of the '93 Phillies, Fitzpatrick has also written articles for TV Guide, Athlon, and Policy Review. He lives in West Chester, Pennsylvania, with his wife and four children.

Bibliographic information