Anglo-American Crossroads: Urban Planning and Research in Britain, 1940-2010

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A&C Black, Dec 20, 2012 - History - 208 pages
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The postwar British city was been shaped by many international forces during the last century, but American influences on British urban research and urban planning have been particularly significant. Beginning with debates about reconstruction during the Second World War, Anglo-American Crossroads explores how Americanisation influenced key approaches to town planning, from reconstruction after 1945 to the New Urbanism of the 1990s. Clapson pays particular attention to the relationship between urban sociological research and planning issues since the 1950s. He also addresses the ways in which American developers and planners of new communities looked to the British new towns and garden city movement for inspiration. Using a wide range of sources, from American Foundation Archives to town planning materials and urban sociologies, Anglo-American Crossroads shows that although some things went wrong in translation from the USA to Britain, there were also some important successes within a transatlantic dialogue that was more nuanced than a one-dimensional process of American hegemony.
 

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Contents

Introduction The Direction of Travel
1
Roads to Reconstruction The Rockefeller Foundation and the Special Housing Mission to W
11
Green Lights for Understanding The American Contribution to Urban Research in Britain
29
Through Roads and Dead Ends American Influences on Postwar Urban Reconstruction
53
Roads to Edge City Motorization Milton Keynes and Urbanization After the Era of Recon
79
The Opposite Direction British Influences Upon Privately and Publicly Developed New Tow
99
Avoiding Danger The USA and the Regeneration of the Inner City in Britain Since 1970
123
A Coda on New Urbanism Back to Milton Keynes
149
Notes
157
Bibliography and Sources
183
Index
199
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About the author (2012)

Mark Clapson is Reader in History in the Department of Social and Historical Studies at Westminster University, UK.

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