Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

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OUP Oxford, 2012 - Science - 402 pages
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Animal Evolution provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolutionary interrelationships and myriad diversity of the Animal Kingdom. It reviews the classical, morphological information from structure and embryology, as well as the new data gained from studies using immune stainings of nerves and muscles and blastomere markings which makes it possible to follow the fate of single blastomeres all the way to early organogenesis. Until recently, the information from analyses of gene sequences has tended to produce myriads of quite diverging trees. However, the latest generation of molecular methods, using many genes, expressed sequence tags, and even whole genomes, has brought a new stability to the field. For the first time this book brings together the information from these varied fields, and demonstrates that it is indeed now possible to build a phylogenetic tree from a combination of both morphology and gene sequences. This thoroughly revised third edition of Animal Evolution brings the subject fully up to date, especially in light of the latest advances in molecular techniques. The book is generously illustrated throughout with finely detailed line drawings and clear diagrams, many of them new.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 ANIMALIA METAZOA
7
Phylum Choanoflagellata
13
4 Early animal radiation
15
5 Phylum Silicea
20
6 EURADICULATA
25
7 Phylum Calcarea
27
8 PROEPITHELIOZOA
30
36 Phylum Entoprocta
199
37 Phylum Cycliophora
204
38 Phylum Bryozoa Ectoprocta
208
39 BRACHIOZOA
220
40 Phylum Phoronida
224
41 Phylum Brachiopoda
230
42 ECDYSOZOA
238
43 PANARTHROPODA
240

9 Phylum Homoscleromorpha
31
10 EUMETAZOA GASTRAEOZOA
33
11 Phylum Placozoa
39
12 NEURALIA
42
13 Phylum Cnidaria
45
14 TRIPLOBLASTICA
53
15 Phylum Ctenophora
55
16 BILATERIA
62
17 ACOELOMORPHA
64
18 Phylum Acoela
66
19 Phylum Nemertodermatida
69
20 Phylum Xenoturbellida
71
21 EUBILATERIA
74
22 PROTOSTOMIA
87
23 SPIRALIA LOPHOTROCHOZOA
104
24 SCHIZOCOELIA
112
25 Phylum Annelida
114
26 Phylum Sipuncula
134
27 Phylum Mollusca
140
28 Phylum Nemertini
156
29 Phylum Platyhelminthes
166
30 Phylum Gastrotricha
174
31 GNATHIFERA
180
32 Phylum Gnathostomulida
182
33 Phylum Micrognathozoa
184
34 Phylum Rotifera
185
35 POLYZOA BRYOZOA sl
195
44 Phylum Arthropoda
242
45 Phylum Onychophora
259
46 Phylum Tardigrada
265
47 CYCLONEURALIA
270
48 NEMATOIDEA
275
49 Phylum Nematoda
276
50 Phylum Nematomorpha
286
51 SCALIDOPHORA
290
52 Phylum Priapula
293
53 Phylum Kinorhyncha
297
54 Phylum Loricifera
300
55 Phylum Chaetognatha
304
56 DEUTEROSTOMIA
311
57 AMBULACRARIA
316
58 Phylum Echinodermata
321
59 HEMICHORDATA
335
60 Phylum Enteropneusta
336
61 Phylum Pterobranchia
343
62 CHORDATA
348
63 Phylum Cephalochordata
358
64 Phylum Urochordata
365
65 Phylum Vertebrata Craniata
377
66 Problematica
381
Systematic index
383
Subject index
389
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Claus Nielsen is Professor Emeritus, Natural History Museum of Denmark at the University of Copenhagen.

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