Animal and Vegetable Proteins in Lipid Metabolism and Atherosclerosis

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Michael J. Gibney, David Kritchevsky
A.R. Liss, 1983 - Arteriosclerosis - 177 pages
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Abstract: Nine papers developed from a 1981 international workshop summarize current knowledge of the role of proteins (and amino acids) in lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis for nutritionists, clinicians, and other health professionals. The topics range from studies on lipid metabolism and experimental atherosclerosis in animals (rats, rabbits, swine), to effects of proteins on human serum lipids and lipoproteins. Other papers discuss the effects of soy protein and casein, influences of dietary protein on serum cholesterol, and the immunological aspects of atherosclerosis. The results of these studies indicate that dietary protein can make a significant contribution to atherosclerosis, that soy protein produces lower serum cholesterol levels than casein (the dynamics of which are described), and that diets containing animal protein are generally more cholesterolemic and atherogenic (in rabbits, specifically) than diets containing vegetable protein. The protein effect can be modified by other dietary components (e.g., fiber, fat). Other findings (e.g., the role of dietary protein in the immunological aspects of atherosclerosis) also are reported. (wz).

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