Animals in Four Worlds: Sculptures from India
University of Chicago Press, Sep 7, 1989 - Art - 199 pages
Animals play a special role in Indian culture. In opposition to deities, they help to frame the human community. Indian philosophy assumes the basic unity of animals and humans and in everyday life animals symbolize various ideas and sentiments. In the realm of Indian art, animals appear everywhere.
In this splendid and unique collection of photographs, Stella Snead captures the extraordinary vitality, intelligence, and variety of animals in Indian sculpture found at sites from prehistory through the eighteenth century. Here are cats, peacocks, mongooses, anteaters, cows, hyenas, and tigers, as well as such fantastic creatures as double-bodied lions and elephants with fish tails. Collected from all areas of India, these photographs include images from famous Indian monuments, and museum collections, as well as images from remote sites, some of which have never before been published.
Wendy Doniger's essay explores and explains the four worlds or dimensions that animals occupy in Indian thought: nature, the human world, the divine world, and the world of fantasy. George Michell places Indian sculptures of animals in their architectural and art historical context. His chronological survey identifies the location and the subject of the animals photographed and describes the artistic activity of the regions and period from which the photographs are drawn.
This beautifully illustrated book will appeal to a wide audience: to those interested in Asian studies, art, architecture, and animals, and to those drawn to Snead's powerful photographs, which capture both the idiosyncratic genius of tiny details and the grand sweep of cosmic symbols.
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Aihole animal motifs aquatic architectural Arjuna's Penance ascetic b.c. Indian Museum Bharhut birds boar Buddha Buddhist bull Calcutta Plate carved cave Central India century b.c. Indian Chalukya Chandella Chandella period composition cows Deccan deer deities demon depicted divine Durga Early Chalukya period Eastern India elephant eleventh century fantastic animal figure fish tails FOUR WORLDS frieze Ganesha Ganga period gateways goddess gods granite Halebid Harappa Hindu horse human images INDIA Plate Indian art Indian sculpture Indra Khajuraho khondalite Konarak leonine lion Mahisha Mamallapuram monkey monuments mythology myths Nandi ninth century Pallava Pallava period peacock Pratihara period rider rides rock-cut Sanchi sandstone Satavahana Sculptural detail sculpture Sculpture panel seated second century b.c. serpent seventh century Plate Shesha Shiva Shunga Shunga period sixteenth century Plate snakes Southern India Stupa Surya temple symbols tenth century Plate terracotta themes Vijayanagara Vijayanagara period Vishnu Vyala Wall panel Wendy Doniger Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty Western wild animal