Animating Expressive Characters for Social Interaction

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Lola Caņamero, Ruth Aylett
John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 - Psychology - 296 pages
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Animated interactive characters and robots that are able to function in human social environments are being developed by a large number of research groups worldwide. Emotional expression, as a key element of human social interaction and communication, is often added in an attempt to make them appear more natural to us. How can such artefacts be given emotional displays that are believable and acceptable to humans? This is the central question of Animating Expressive Characters for Social Interaction.
The ability to express and recognize emotions is a fundamental aspect of social interaction. Not only is it a central research question, it has been explored in animated films, dance, and other expressive arts for a much longer period. This book is unique in presenting a multi-disciplinary approach to animation in its broadest sense: from internal mechanisms to external displays, not only from a graphical perspective, but more generally examining how to give characters an anima , so that they appear as life-like entities and social partners to humans. (Series B)
 

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Contents

1 Social emotions
1
2 Fabricating fictions using social role
21
3 Whats in a robots smile?
37
4 Facial expressions in social interactions
53
5 Expressing emotion through body movement
71
6 Affective bodies for affective interactions
87
7 Animating affective robots for social interaction
103
8 Dynamic models of multiple emotion activation
123
11 Psychological and social effects to elderly people by robotassisted activity
177
12 Designing avatars for social interactions
195
13 Applying sociopsychological concepts of cognitive consistency to negotiation dialog scenarios with embodied conversional characters
213
A new direction for expressive user embodiment
235
Dancing with real and virtual expressive characters
257
16 The robot and the baby
279
Subject index
293
The series Advances in Consciousness Research
297

9 Exercises in style for virtual humans
143
10 Expressive characters in antibullying education
161

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About the author (2008)

Ruth Aylett is Professor of Intelligent Virtual Environments with the Center for Virtual Environments in the U.K. She developed expertise in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) while she worked in the micro-computing laboratory at Sheffield University in England. She later assumed a post in the Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute at Edingurgh University, Scotland. She currently teaches courses on AI and maintains close links with the National Advanced Robotics Research Center, run by UK Robotics.

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