Annotated Texts for Translation: English-French

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Multilingual Matters, Jan 1, 1996 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 344 pages
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This volume is intended for undergraduate study as part of a language course, or for individual study and self-improvement by would-be or practising professional translators. The level of difficulty and subject range of the texts is also intended to help the student to prepare for professional examinations such as the Diploma in Translation of the Institute of Linguistics.
 

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SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
INSTRUCTIONS
• Read and Respond to every question, you need other papers for answers.
• The Exam is composed by FIVE parts;
-1st part with 3 case studies(where you will choose one of them).
-2nd part with open questions; be brief, concise and clear.
-3rd part of multiple choice questions
-4th part Matching questions and 5th part with True and False questions.
Part. I. CASE STUDIES (choose one of them)
1. Mrs Charles F., 36 years old, 70 kilos, has been burned while boiling water for cooking. The abdomen, the anterior part of the lower limbs and the genitals are all burned. She has blisters on burned areas, and some of them begin to be ruptured.
a) Using the Wallace rule of nine, calculate the total body surface area burned for Mrs Charles?
b) What is the depth of Mrs Charles’s burn using the current classification?
c) To restore the fluid –electrolyte balance for Mrs Charles, do you prefer the oral liquid or parenteral one? Justify your answer.
d) What is the mechanism of blisters in case of burn?
e) Give 4 factors of gravity of burn.
Answers:a) 28% TBSA (abdomen:
9%, anterior part lower limbs: 9%+ 9%, genitals: 1%)
b) Partial thickness superficial
c) Parenteral fluid because the TBSA is more than 20%
d) In case of burn the heat causes the vasodilatation of vessels with capillaries permeability that allows the liquid to get the subcutaneous tissue→ blisters.
e) 4 factors of gravity
- size of burn
- depth of the burn
- location of burn
- age of injured
- heath of injured
- source of burn
2. Mrs. N.Biyoro. 35yrs old consults Accident and Emergency department in CHUB as with the following complaints:
Progressively severe generalized abdominal pain, which in a few hours become localized in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, Low grade fever, Vomiting, local tenderness, anorexia, nausea, muscles spam, no fecal matter and no flatus (gaz), distended abdomen, dehydration, hypovolemic shock, generalized malaise and pain, Pulse weak and rapid, Skin is pale and cold and clammy. Medical Diagnosis found is intestinal obstruction and the physician decides an operation.
a) What are the Possible Nursing Diagnoses (at least 4)?
• Acute pain
• Altered body temperature
• Altered tissue perfusion
• Fluid volume deficit
• Self-care deficit
b) Describe nursing management?
• Pre-operative care
• Taking vital signs
• Place Naso-Gastric-Tube (NGT)
• Place Urinary catherization
• Place IV line
• Reduce fever
• Drugs Administration
• Taking blood specimen (Compatibility of A, B,O.)
• Reassure the patient
3. Mr. Karambizi. 33 years old and has 75 kg admitted in casualty department of Ruli Hospital after injured by burn when was cooking chips in the restaurant
First assessment shows involvement of entire epidermis, dermis and extends into subcutaneous tissue and the following part of the body are affected:
Entire left and right arms and the front part of trunk
a) Calculate the percentage of burn parts of Mr. Karambizi
• Left and right :18%
• The front part of trunk:18%
• Total:36%
b) Where can you classify this burn: Minor, Moderate, Major and why?
• Major burn because there is total destruction of the skin and fabrics under cutaneous
c) Discuss the management of Mr. Karambizi
• To evaluate gravity quickly (according to the criteria quoted before)
• To pose 1 to 2 ways initially large gauge (filling +++)
• To begin the reanimation according to formulas' from filling: (choose one)
1. Evans Formula: 2x36x75+2000ml=7400ml/24h
2. Parkland Formula:4x36x75+2000ml=12800ml/24h
• To remove clothes and jewels
• General treatment
1. Oxygen therapy
2. cover with a clean or sterile linen
3. Dressing
4. Drug administration
5. Pain management
Part II. OPEN QUESTIONS
1. Outline 4 stages of wound healing.
2. Explain the mechanism (pathophysiology) of achalasia.
3. Reflux oesophagitis may occur in case of gastro-esophageal reflux Disease and may
 

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tis book is the best it really helps

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Contents

A Theoretical and Conceptual Framework
1
Preface to Texts
31
Bibliography
41
Source Texts
43
Target Texts
117
Annotations
197
Initial practice 1 Welcome to Ouistreham 45119199
199
words 2 The Pedigree of Plain English 46120
203
The NHS Reforms and You 78156
260
The Wrong Way to Defend a Culture 81159
265
We Are 83161269
269
Unhappy Families 85163
274
Age of Stress Dawns for the Middle Class 87165
279
Deliver Us from Motor Hell Dr Mawhinney 89167284
284
Deaths Linked to London Smog 91169
290
OneStop Quality 93171
294

Bless The Burgess Thou Art Translated 49123
208
Preaching Community 52127
213
Defining a European Immigration Policy 55131
218
The UK Approach 58134
223
Law Disorder 61138
229
Doctor on Screen 64141
235
The Inhumanity of Medicine 67144
240
Black Death 70147
245
Our Childrens Education The Updated Parents Charter 73150
250
words
254
Charter 88 76154
256
Chaos Theory Achieving a Balance 95173299
299
Great Expectations for Optical Card Trial 97175303
303
Britain Under Siege 99177307
307
The Policy Paper that caused the Storm 101179311
311
EU Fugaces Labuntur Communitates 103181316
316
Q Europe by Eurotunnel? A The Easy Way To Go 105183320
320
Lucrative Fishing in Foreign Labour Pools 109188327
327
EuroCourt Extends UK Workers Rights 1ll 190333
333
Choosy Employers Search for Skilful Team Players 113192338
338
Marks Spencer 115194342
342
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About the author (1996)

Beverly Adab is a lecturer in French at Aston University. She gained her First Class Honours degree from Birmingham University, and went on to do an MPhil in French Studies, also at Birmingham. She joined Aston University in 1990, where she introduced a course in Professional Translation. She also teaches interpreting and holds the Diploma in Translation of the Institute of Linguists. She has just completed PhD research on translation problems and cross-cultural mediation in the field of advertising.

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