Annuaire Des Statistiques de L'energie

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United Nations Publications, 2004 - Business & Economics - 510 pages
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This is the 45th issue of this annual publication which contains comparable data series on long-term trends in the supply of mainly commercial primary and secondary forms of energy (solid, liquid and gaseous fuels and electricity). The data tables cover more than 215 countries and areas for the years 1998-2001, with data given in original and common units. In addition to basic tables on production, trade, stock changes, bunkers, and consumption (including per capita), other topics covered include: key importers and exporters of coal, crude petroleum and natural gas for 2000 and 2001; ratio of crude petroleum reserves to petroleum production (R/P ratio); new and renewable energy sources; heat produced in combined heat and power plants generating electricity.
 

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Contents

1 Coal Equivalent
2
5 Production trade and consumption of solid fuels coal equivalent
115
14 Production trade and consumption of crude petroleum
169
28 Production trade and consumption of natural gas
339
32 Net installed capacity of electric generating plants by type
376
37 Production of uranium uranium content
500
38 Selected energy resources and reserves
502
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Page xxi - Municipal waste comprises wastes produced by the residential, commercial and public service sectors that are collected by local authorities for disposal in a central location for the production of heat and/or power. Hospital waste is included in this category.
Page xxv - Resources (RAR) refers to uranium that occurs in known mineral deposits of such size, grade and configuration that it could be recovered within the given production cost ranges, with currently proven mining and processing technology. Estimates of tonnage and grade are based on specific sample data and measurements of the deposits and on knowledge of deposit characteristics. Reasonably Assured Resources have a high assurance of existence.
Page xv - Hydrocarbure léger utilisé dans les moteurs à allumage par étincelle autres que les moteurs d'avion dont les températeurs de distillation se situent entre 35 et 200°C et qui est traité de façon à atteindre un indice d'octane suffisamment élevé, généralement entre 80 et 100 IOR. Le traitement peut consister en reformage, mélange avec une fraction aromatique, ou adjonction de benzol ou d'autres additifs (tels que du plomb tétraéthyl).
Page xvii - Viscous, liquid hydrocarbons rich in paraffin waxes, distilling between 380°C and 500"C and obtained by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Additives may be included to alter their characteristics. The main characteristics are as follows: Flash point greater than 125°C; pour point between -25 and +5°C depending on the grade...
Page xii - Qualification, and with a gross calorific value above 24 MJ/kg (5700 kcal/kg) on an ash-free but moist basis, and with a reflectance index of vitrinite of 0.5 and above. Slurries, middlings and other low grade coal products, which cannot be classified according to the type of coal from which they are obtained, are included under hard coal.
Page xii - Remarque générale. Charbon d'un faible degré de houillification qui a gardé la structure anatomique des végétaux dont il est issu. Son pouvoir calorifique brut est inférieur à 24...
Page xvii - Huiles légères ou lourdes, dont les températures de distillation se situent entre 30 et 210"C et pour lequelles il n'existe pas de définition officielle, mais qui ne satisfont pas aux normes fixées pour le carburant auto. Leurs propriétés peuvent être adaptées aux spécifications des utilisateurs; le rapport C/H est habituellement de 84/14 ou 84/16, avec une très faible teneur en soufre. Les naphtas peuvent être coupés ou mélangés avec d'autres produits en vue d'obtenir de l'essence...
Page xviii - Rev 3: 33542-0). Remarque générale. Résidu solide d'un noir brilliant, obtenu par craquage et carbonisation au four, constitué essentiellement de carbon (90 à 95%) et dont la combustion ne laisse généralement aucune cendre. Il est utilisé surtout en métallurgie. Cette rubrique ne comprend pas les résidus solides obtenus par carbonisation du charbon...
Page xviii - Their main characteristics are as follows: they are colourless, in most cases odourless and translucent, with a melting point above 45°C, specific gravity of 0.76 to 0.78 at 80'C. kinematic viscosity between 3.7 and 5.5 cST at 99'C. These waxes are used for candle manufacture polishes and waterproofing of containers, wrappings, etc.(SrrC, Rev.3: 33512-1).
Page xx - Puissance nette installée est mesurée au bornes de sortie de la centrale, c'est-à-dire déduction faite de la puissance absorbée par les services auxiliaires et par les pertes dans les transformateurs de la centrale s'il en existe. Les données relatives à la puissance installée se rapportent en principe au 31 décembre de l'année considérée. Imports and exports - Refer to the amounts of electric energy transferred to and from the country concerned, respectively, which are measured at the...

About the author (2004)

Jose Antonio Ocampo is Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations for Economic and Social Affairs, and former Executive Secretary of ECLAC.

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