## Annual Reviews of Computational Physics VIIThe seventh volume of this invaluable series focuses an applications ? from Ising models to the formation of small clusters and phase ordering in fluids, to the structure of concrete, to the growth of cities built from it, to the traffic jams and the biology of life in the cities, and to the marketing of products to consumers. Thus the interdisciplinary research potential of computational physics is particularly well documented. |

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

LennardJones Clusters and the MultipleMinima Problem | 25 |

Phase Ordering in Fluids | 61 |

Computer Simulation and Percolation Theory Applied to Concrete | 85 |

Computer Simulations in Urban Geography | 125 |

LargeScale Traffic Simulations For Transportation Planning | 151 |

An Evolutionary Model for Simple Ecosystems | 265 |

308 | |

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aggregate algorithm alleles approach approximation assume behavior binary fluid Biol cellular automaton cement paste Chem coexistence computed concrete configuration considered corresponding critical temperature D. P. Bentz demon density diffusion discrete distribution domains dynamics E. J. Garboczi effect epistasis equation equilibrium error threshold example finite populations finite-size fitness function fitness landscape fractal dimension genetic genome genotype global minimum growth hydration hydrodynamic individuals infinite lattice interactions interfacial transition zone Ising model iterations length scale Lett limit LJ clusters matrix method microscopic simulation microsimulation microstructure minima Muller's ratchet mutation rate mutational meltdown neutral optimization order parameter particles percolation threshold phenotype phenotypic space Phys physics population genetics porosity possible potential probability problem properties quasispecies random reactants reaction reaction-diffusion replanning selection sequence space species spin glass static fitness Stauffer stochastic structure timescales tion traffic TRANSIMS transportation volume fraction