Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2011

Front Cover
Jean Louis Vincent
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 2, 2011 - Medical - 833 pages
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The Annual Update compiles the most recent developments in experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by well recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergency medicine.
 

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Contents

The Role of Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts RAGE in Infection
3
A Janusfaced Modulator of Inflammation in the Intestinal Microcirculation
16
Remote Ischemic Conditioning against Ischemiareperfusion Injury
26
Hypoxiainducible Factors and the Prevention of Acute Organ Injury
37
II Coagulation System
49
Are Microparticles Reliable Deleterious Effectors in Septic Coagulopathy?
51
The Inflammatory Potential of Fibrinogen and its Degradation Products
62
Highlighting the Role of Hepcidin
70
Hemodynamic Monitoring in Cardiogenic Shock
406
Noninvasive Estimation of Left Ventricular Filling Pressures by Doppler Echocardiography
418
Hemodynamics from the Periphery
424
Totally Noninvasive Continuous Cardiac Output Measurement with the Nexfin COTrek
434
An Integrative Perspective
443
XI Perioperative Medicine
457
Perioperative Hemodynamic Optimization
459
Pathophysiology and Treatment
471

An Overview
80
III Acute Respiratory Failure
95
Insights into Pathophysiology
97
Use of Btype Natriuretic Peptides in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Requiring Ventilatory Support
109
Focus on Prevention
117
IV Endotracheal Intubation
129
Overview and Myths Versus Facts
131
Research Priorities in Oral Care for Endotracheallyintubated Patients
144
V Ventilator Issues
157
Pros and Cons of Assisted Mechanical Ventilation in Acute Lung Injury
159
Can Permissive Hypercapnia Modulate the Severity of Sepsisinduced ALIARDS?
174
Why When Who?
188
Therapeutic Aerosols in Mechanically Ventilated Patients
197
VI Cardiac Crises
207
The Chicken or the Egg?
209
Evolving Rationale for Minimallyinterrupted Chest Compressions during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
220
VII Renal Aspects
231
Hypoalbuminemia as a Risk Factor for Acute Kidney Injury
233
The Case of Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinaseassociated Lipocalin in Acute Kidney Injury
242
Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiorenal Syndromes
251
A Complex Series of Combined HeartKidney Disorders
263
Blood Purification in Sepsis and Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients
273
VIII Fluids
285
The Lymphatic Vasculature as a Participant in Microvascular Exchange
287
The Interstitium and Lymphatics have an Important Role in Edema Generation during Sepsis
297
Fluid is a Drug that can be Overdosed in the ICU
307
A Matter of Volumes?
313
Meaning of Pulse Pressure Variation during ARDS
322
The Fluid Challenge
332
A Rational Strategy for Fluid and Volume Management
340
IX The Microcirculation
353
Mitochondrial Function in Septic Shock
355
How Can We Use Tissue Carbon Dioxide Measurement as an Index of Perfusion?
366
Use of Noninvasive Tissue Oxygen Saturation Monitoring to Assess Cardiovascular Insufficiency
375
The Microcirculation of the Critically Ill Pediatric Patient
380
X Cardiovascular Monitoring
391
Heart Rate as Prognostic Marker and Therapeutic Target In MODS
393
XII Infection and Sepsis
479
A New Approach to Ventilatorassociated Pneumonia Based on the PIRO System
481
Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract and Antibiotic Resistance
493
New Treatment Options against Gramnegative Organisms
501
The Bug the Drug and the Mug
516
Mycobacterial Sepsis and Multiorgan Failure Syndrome
531
Possible Role in Critical Care Medicine
543
The Role of IgM and IgAenriched Immunoglobu lins in the Treatment of Sepsis and Septic Shock
550
XIII Liver Failure
557
Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Ascites
559
An Entity Still in Search of Itself?
576
XIV Trauma and Emergency Medicine
589
Cocaine Intoxication
591
Airway Management for Major Trauma
599
Goaldirected Coagulation Management in Major Trauma
611
XV Neurological Aspects
629
Understanding Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome
631
Prediction of Neurological Outcome after Cardiac Arrest
654
Neuroprotection in Sepsis by Complement Inhibition and Immunoglobulin Therapy
664
Ethics in Disorders of Consciousness
675
XVI Metabolic Disorders and Nutrition
683
Metformin and Lactic Acidosis
685
Energy Goals in the Critically Ill Adult
694
XVII ICU Organization and Management
709
A New Conceptual Framework in Critical Care Medicine
711
Access Block and Emergency Department Overcrowding
720
Triage of Highrisk Surgical Patients for Intensive Care
729
Moving in the Right Direction
741
Should We Still Order Chest Xrays in the ICU?
753
The Effect of Light on Critical Illness
766
Context Information in Critical Care
781
XVIII The Future
791
Designing the Electronic Medical Record of the Future
793
The Next Ten Years
803
Where We Are and Where We Want To Go?
813
Subject Index
823
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