Anthony van Dyck
Van Dyck was accustomed early to Rubens’ sumptuous lifestyle; and, when he visited Italy with letters of introduction from his master, lived in the palaces of his patrons, himself adopting such an elegant ostentation that he was spoken of as ‘the Cavalier Painter’. After his return to Antwerp his patrons belonged to the rich and noble class, and his own style of living was modelled on theirs; so that, when in 1632 he received the appointment of court painter to Charles I of England, he maintained an almost princely establishment, and his house at Blackfriars was a resort of fashion. The last two years of his life were spent travelling on the Continent with his young wife, the daughter of Lord Gowry. His health, however, had been broken by the excesses of work, and he returned to London to die. He was buried at St. Paul’s Cathedral. Van Dyck tried to amalgamate the influences of Italy (Titian, Veronese, Bellini) and Flanders and he succeeded in some paintings, which have a touching grace, notably in his Madonnas and Holy Families, his Crucifixions and Depositions from the Cross, and also in some of his mythological compositions. In his younger days he painted many altarpieces full of sensitive religious feeling and enthusiasm. However, his main glory was as a portraitist, the most elegant and aristocratic ever known. The great Portrait of Charles I in the Louvre is a work unique for its sovereign elegance. In his portraits, he invented a style of elegance and refinement which became a model for the artists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, corresponding as it did to the genteel luxury of the court life of the period. He is also considered one of the greatest colourists in the history of art.
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THE ITALIAN PERIOD
SECOND ANTWERP PERIOD
THE ENGLISH PERIOD
acquired Adriaen Stevens Anthony van Dyck Apostle artist’s artist’s portrait Balen Baltazarina van Linick Cattaneo celebrated century Cesarini Children of Charles city’s collector colours commissioned composition contemporaries costume Crozat depiction Dyck’s early Dyck’s portraits Earl Emperor Theodosius Refused England English portraits engraver execution Family Portrait figures Flanders Flemish artist Frans Snyders Frick Collection Gallery of Art Geest Gemäldegalerie Genoa Guild of St Hendrick van Balen Hermitage Hermitage portrait Hermitage’s House of Simon Italian Period Italy Jabach King Kunsthistorisches Museum Lady landscape London Madrid man’s inner Maria Bosschaerts master Milan Cathedral Moscow Museum of Art National Gallery Netherlandish Nicolaes Rockox painter Paris Peter Paul Rubens Petworth House Philip Wharton’s Picture Gallery Portrait of Jan portraitist Prado Pushkin Museum refinement rich Royal Collection Second Antwerp Period Self-Portrait Simon the Pharisee sketch St Luke St Petersburg Theodosius Refused Entry Titian Venetian Vienna Virgin Walpole Washington Wharton’s collection wife Wouwer young artist