Anthropology and Epidemiology: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Health and Disease

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C. Janes, R. Stall, S.M. Gifford
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1986 - Social Science - 364 pages
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Over the past two decades increasing interest has emerged in the contribu tions that the social sciences might make to the epidemiological study of patterns of health and disease. Several reasons can be cited for this increasing interest. Primary among these has been the rise of the chronic, non-infectious diseases as important causes of morbidity and mortality within Western populations during the 20th century. Generally speaking, the chronic, non infectious diseases are strongly influenced by lifestyle variables, which are themselves strongly influenced by social and cultural forces. The under standing of the effects of the behavioral factors in, say, hypertension, thus requires an understanding of the social and cultural factors which encourage obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, non-compliance with anti-hypertensive medica tions (or other prescribed regimens), and stress. Equally, there is a growing awareness that considerations of human behavior and its social and cultural determinants are important for understanding the distribution and control of infectious diseases. Related to this expansion of epidemiologic interest into the behavioral realm 'has been the development of etiological models which focus on the psychological, biological and socio-cultural characteristics of hosts, rather than exclusive concern with exposure to a particular agent or even behavioral risk. Also during this period advances in statistical and computing techniques have made accessible the ready testing of multivariate causal models, and so have encouraged the measurement of the effects of social and cultural factors on disease occurrence.
 

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Contents

MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
3
FROM SOCIAL MEDICINE TO THE GERM THEORY 1840 TO 1920
35
A SELECTIVE HISTORY OF COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS AND THEORETICAL AFFINITIES 1920 TO 1970
59
QUANTITATIVE RIGOR OR RIGORMORTIS? INSIGHTS FROM ETHNOMEDICINE
97
ETHNICITY ECOLOGY AND MORTALITY IN NORTHWESTERN THAILAND
125
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
157
AN ETHNOGRAPHY OF DISEASE RISK IN AN URBAN SAMOAN COMMUNITY
175
A CASE STUDY OF THE AMBIGUITIES OF RISK
213
AN ETHNOGRAPHY OF YOUNG ADULTS CHANGING
249
RESPONDENTIDENTIFIED REASONS FOR CHANGE AND STABILITY IN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AS A CONCOMITANT OF THE AGIN...
275
ON INTEGRATING EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL UNDERSTANDINGS
303
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
333
INDEX OF NAMES
335
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
341
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Ethnoepidemiology on Cancer
Kajima
Limited preview - 1996
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