Anthropology at Harvard
Anthropology at Harvard recounts the rich and complex history of anthropology at America’s oldest university, beginning with the earliest precursors of the discipline within the study of natural history. The story unfolds through fascinating vignettes about the many individuals—famous and obscure alike—who helped shape the discipline at Harvard College and the Peabody Museum. Lively anecdotes provide in-depth portraits of dozens of key individuals, including Louis and Alexander Agassiz, Frederic Ward Putnam, Mary Hemenway, Alice Cunningham Fletcher, Sylvanus Morley, A. V. Kidder, and Antonio Apache. The text also throws new light on longstanding puzzles and debates, such as Franz Boas’s censure by the American Anthropological Association and the involvement of Harvard archaeologists in espionage work for the U.S. government during World War I. The authors take a “cohort” perspective, looking beyond the big names to the larger network of colleagues that formed the dynamic backdrop to the development of ideas. The significant contributions of amateurs and private funders to the early growth of the field are highlighted, as is the active participation of women and of students and scholars of diverse ethnic backgrounds. A monumental achievement, Anthropology at Harvard makes an important contribution to the history of Americanist anthropology.
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1 Harvard Contributions to the Origins of Americanist Archaeology 17901860
2 The Lawrence Scientific School the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the Peabody Museum 18471866
3 Frederic Putnam and His Student Cohort 18591875
4 Development of the Peabody Museum and Its Collections 18751890
5 The Influence of Other Professionals and the Archaeological Institute of America 18651890
6 Development of the Harvard Anthropology Graduate Program 18901900
7 Graduate Students Faculty and Others 18901900
8 Putnams Students at the American Museum of Natural History 18941903
A.V. Kidder AAAS Agassiz Alfred Tozzer American Anthropologist American Antiquarian American Antiquarian Society American Archaeology American Indian Americanist AMNH Annual Reports ofthe appointed archaeology Archaeology and Ethnology artifacts Asa Gray assistant Association became began Boas Boston Bowditch Cambridge career Charles collections Columbia committee curator Cusick Department director dissertation Dixon Earnest Hooton Eliot ethnographic Ethnology excavations Expedition exploration Exposition Fewkes ﬁeld ﬁeldwork ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁnished ﬁrst Franz Boas funds George graduate program graduate students Harvard College Harvard University Hemenway Hooton inﬂuence Institute interest John Kidder later Lawrence Scientiﬁc School Louis Agassiz Massachusetts materials Maya Mexico Morley Morse mounds Natural History ofAmerican Ohio Paleolithic Peabody Museum Ph.D physical anthropology PMAAE position Powell Prehistoric professor Radcliffe received his A.B. recruited returned Science Scott served Shaler signiﬁcant Smithsonian Society Spinden summer teaching took Tozzer undergraduate William Willoughby Winthrop World’s Columbian Exposition wrote Wyman York