Anthropology, Space, and Geographic Information Systems
Mark Aldenderfer, Herbert D. G. Maschner
Oxford University Press, Jul 18, 1996 - Social Science - 304 pages
Major advances in the use of geographic information systems have been made in both anthropology and archaeology. Yet there are few published discussions of these new applications and their use in solving complex problems. This book explores these techniques, showing how they have been successfully deployed to pursue research previously considered too difficult--or impossible--to undertake. Among the projects described here are studies of land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon, settlement patterns in the Pacific northwest, ethnic distribution within the Los Angeles garment industry, and prehistoric sociopolitical development among the Anasazi. Following an introduction that discusses the theory of geographic information systems in relation to anthropological inquiry, the book is divided into sections demonstrating actual applications in cultural anthropology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, and physical anthropology. The work will be of much interest within all these communities.
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Applying GIS in Human Ecology Research
3 The Use of GIS to Measure Spatial Patterns of Ethnic Firms in the Los Angeles Garment Industry
4 A Formal Justification for the Application of GIS to the Cultural Ecological Analysis of LandUse Intensification and Deforestation in the Amazon
A Methodology for Rural Development and Agricultural Policy Design
6 Empirical and Methodological Problems in Developing a GIS Database for Yanomanö Tribesmen Located in Remote Areas
New Perspectives on Northern Anasazi Sociopolitical Development in Late Prehistory
Tentative Steps Toward a Larger Archaeological Context for GIS
Cognition GIS and Coastal Landscapes
An Example of Application for the Spanish Administration
12 The Role of GIS in the Interdisciplinary Investigations at Olorgesailie Kenya a Pleistocene Archaeological Locality
An English Iron Age Hillfort in a Digital Landscape
14 Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Analysis in the Social Sciences
A LocationAllocation and GISBased Approach
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agricultural production anthropology applications approach archaeological data archaeological record Aztec Basin behavior Behrens Bronze Age cairns centers chambered cairns cists cluster complex configurations context crops cultivated cultural Danebury database digitized distribution ecological economic environment environmental estimates ethnic excavation factors farmsteads fertility Figure Geographic Information Systems Gregory Rift groups hillfort human Hvar identify imagery important increase integrate interaction Interfluve interpretation Iron Age L-A models labor land degradation land systems land-use landscape landscape archaeology maize Maschner mean production measure ment monuments natural Olorgesailie optimal paleosol period Peruvian Amazon Pespire polygons population potential prehistoric problem Pucallpa region relationship relatively remote sensing represent rift River rock art scale social soil spatial analysis spatial data statistical study area subsistence suggests techniques temporal territory theory Thiessen polygons tion topographic Ucayali upland variability viewsheds village Yurimaguas
Page 8 - settlement patterns" is defined here as the way in which man disposed himself over the landscape on which he lived. It refers to dwellings, to their arrangement, and to the nature and disposition of other buildings pertaining to community life. These settlements reflect the natural environment, the level of technology on which the builders operated, and various institutions of social interaction and control which the culture maintained.