Anthropology, Space, and Geographic Information Systems

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Mark Aldenderfer, Herbert D. G. Maschner
Oxford University Press, Jul 18, 1996 - Social Science - 304 pages
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Major advances in the use of geographic information systems have been made in both anthropology and archaeology. Yet there are few published discussions of these new applications and their use in solving complex problems. This book explores these techniques, showing how they have been successfully deployed to pursue research previously considered too difficult--or impossible--to undertake. Among the projects described here are studies of land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon, settlement patterns in the Pacific northwest, ethnic distribution within the Los Angeles garment industry, and prehistoric sociopolitical development among the Anasazi. Following an introduction that discusses the theory of geographic information systems in relation to anthropological inquiry, the book is divided into sections demonstrating actual applications in cultural anthropology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, and physical anthropology. The work will be of much interest within all these communities.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
3
Applying GIS in Human Ecology Research
19
3 The Use of GIS to Measure Spatial Patterns of Ethnic Firms in the Los Angeles Garment Industry
44
4 A Formal Justification for the Application of GIS to the Cultural Ecological Analysis of LandUse Intensification and Deforestation in the Amazon
55
A Methodology for Rural Development and Agricultural Policy Design
78
6 Empirical and Methodological Problems in Developing a GIS Database for Yanomanö Tribesmen Located in Remote Areas
97
New Perspectives on Northern Anasazi Sociopolitical Development in Late Prehistory
107
Tentative Steps Toward a Larger Archaeological Context for GIS
132
Cognition GIS and Coastal Landscapes
175
An Example of Application for the Spanish Administration
190
12 The Role of GIS in the Interdisciplinary Investigations at Olorgesailie Kenya a Pleistocene Archaeological Locality
202
An English Iron Age Hillfort in a Digital Landscape
214
14 Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Analysis in the Social Sciences
241
References
251
Index
291
Copyright

A LocationAllocation and GISBased Approach
155

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Page 8 - settlement patterns" is defined here as the way in which man disposed himself over the landscape on which he lived. It refers to dwellings, to their arrangement, and to the nature and disposition of other buildings pertaining to community life. These settlements reflect the natural environment, the level of technology on which the builders operated, and various institutions of social interaction and control which the culture maintained.

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