Antimicrobial Therapy in Abdominal Surgery: Precepts and Practices

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CRC Press, Aug 26, 1991 - Medical - 120 pages
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Over the past 50 years, important developments have taken place in surgical and antimicrobial aspects of the management of intestinal surgery and intra-abdominal sepsis. Many new pathogens like Clostridium difficile, Helibacter and Ruminococcus have been described, and many new beta-lactam drugs and quinolones have been introduced. Immunological aspects such as T cell factors and interleukins have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of intra-abdominal sepsis. Important new pieces of surgical hardware, sutures, and surgical glues to salvage solid organs were added to the surgical armanentorium. This new book looks at all of these important developments and more. Over 900 articles were reviewed to synthesize the core information for this book. The editors' years of experience in trauma surgery and intra-abdominal sepsis add to the tremendous amount of information found in this book written for physicians, house-staff, and medical students.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
CHAPTER
3
Helicobacter pylori
4
Small Intestine
5
Large Intestine
7
Intestinal Bacteria Food Cancer of Colon and Breast
8
Clostridium difficile
9
Bacterial Adherence and Clearance
12
Metronidazole
24
SulfamethoxazoleTrimethoprim
25
Glycopeptides
26
CHAPTER 5
27
Antibiotic Concentration in the Pancreatic Secretion
28
CHAPTER 6
31
Prophylaxis with Sulfonamides
32
Cephalosporins for Prophylaxis
33

CHAPTER
13
Microbial Synergism and Antagonism
14
Bacterial Capsule The Virulence Factor
15
CHAPTER 4
19
Cephalosporins and Cepham Drugs
20
Aminoglycosides
21
Chloramphenicol and Thiamphenicol
22
Macrolides
23
Penicillins
34
Surgical Techniques in Colonic Trauma
43
Irrigation of Peritoneal Cavity and SoftTissue with Local Antiseptics
49
CHAPTER 9
55
The Pancreas
61
Hyperbaric Oxygen
69
INDEX
103
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Page 74 - Effect of diet on human fecal flora: Comparison of Japanese and American diets.
Page 75 - Translocation of certain indigenous bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract to the mesenteric lymph nodes and other organs in a gnotobiotic mouse model.
Page 72 - Studies of intestinal microflora II. Microorganisms of the small intestine and their relations to oral and fecal flora.
Page 72 - Studies on the intestinal flora. Part II. Bacterial flora of the small intestine in patients with gastrointestinal disorders.
Page 72 - Normal viral and bacterial flora of the human small and large intestine.
Page 74 - Discussion of current bacteriological investigations of the relationships between intestinal flora, diet, and colon cancer. Cancer Res 35:34183420, 1975.

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