Antimicrobial Therapy in Abdominal Surgery: Precepts and Practices
Over the past 50 years, important developments have taken place in surgical and antimicrobial aspects of the management of intestinal surgery and intra-abdominal sepsis. Many new pathogens like Clostridium difficile, Helibacter and Ruminococcus have been described, and many new beta-lactam drugs and quinolones have been introduced. Immunological aspects such as T cell factors and interleukins have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of intra-abdominal sepsis. Important new pieces of surgical hardware, sutures, and surgical glues to salvage solid organs were added to the surgical armanentorium. This new book looks at all of these important developments and more. Over 900 articles were reviewed to synthesize the core information for this book. The editors' years of experience in trauma surgery and intra-abdominal sepsis add to the tremendous amount of information found in this book written for physicians, house-staff, and medical students.
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Intestinal Bacteria Food Cancer of Colon and Breast
Bacterial Adherence and Clearance
Antibiotic Concentration in the Pancreatic Secretion
Prophylaxis with Sulfonamides
Cephalosporins for Prophylaxis
Microbial Synergism and Antagonism
Bacterial Capsule The Virulence Factor
Cephalosporins and Cepham Drugs
Chloramphenicol and Thiamphenicol
Surgical Techniques in Colonic Trauma
Irrigation of Peritoneal Cavity and SoftTissue with Local Antiseptics
abdominal trauma acute pancreatitis aerobic and anaerobic Agents Chemother aminoglycosides ampicillin anaerobic bacteria anaerobic infections anastomosis antibiotic therapy antibiotics Antimicrob appendicitis Arch aureus Bacteroides fragilis beta-lactam bile biliary tract carbenicillin cefamandole cefazolin cefotetan cefoxitin cell cephalosporins cephalothin chloramphenicol ciprofloxacin Clin clindamycin clinical clostridia colonic injuries colonic surgery colorectal surgery decreased developed disease dose doxycycline drainage drains drug effective enterobacteriaceae erythromycin Escherichia coli experimental factor fecal flora gallbladder gentamicin Gram-negative Gram-negative bacilli gunshot wounds Gynecol Hospital hyperbaric oxygen increased infection rate intestinal intra-abdominal abscess intra-abdominal sepsis intravenous isolates liver abscess metronidazole mezlocillin mice microbial Microbiol microflora mortality moxalactam mucosa neomycin Obstet obstruction overgrowth pancreatic abscess pathogens patients penetrating penicillin perforated peritoneal piperacillin placebo postoperative preoperative prophylaxis pseudomonas quinolones resistance sepsis septic serum splenectomy sterile stool streptococci sulbactam Surg surgical susceptible sutures tetracycline Thadepalli ticarcillin tissue translocation treatment vitro activity whereas wound healing wound infection
Page 74 - Effect of diet on human fecal flora: Comparison of Japanese and American diets.
Page 72 - Studies of intestinal microflora II. Microorganisms of the small intestine and their relations to oral and fecal flora.
Page 72 - Studies on the intestinal flora. Part II. Bacterial flora of the small intestine in patients with gastrointestinal disorders.
Page 72 - Normal viral and bacterial flora of the human small and large intestine.