Antioxidant Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

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Giuseppe Cirillo, Francesca Iemma
John Wiley & Sons, Jun 7, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 520 pages
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Antioxidant Polymers is an exhaustive overview of the recent developments in the field of polymeric materials showing antioxidant properties. This research area has grown rapidly in the last decade because antioxidant polymers have wide industry applications ranging from materials science to biomedical, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

 

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Contents

13 Antioxidant Evaluation Methods
5
14 Antioxidant and its Mechanisms
10
15 Adverse Effects of Antioxidants
13
References
14
Chapter 2
22
21 Introduction
23
23 Polyphenol Biosynthesis and Function in Plants
33
24 Tannins in Human Nutrition
35
98 Seaweeds Hydrolysates
2051
99 Potential Applications
2053
910 Conclusions
2057
References
2058
Chapter 10
2068
101 Introduction
2069
102 Organoseleniumtellurium Compound Mimics
2070
103 Metal Complex Mimics
10-19

25 Antioxidant Activity of Tannins
40
26 Protective Effects of Proanthocyanidins in Human Health
44
27 Conclusion
45
Acknowledgements
46
Chapter 3
56
31 Introduction
57
32 Polycondensates of Catechin with Aldehydes
59
33 Enzymatically Polymerized Flavonoids
3-9
34 Biopolymerflavonoid Conjugates
3-16
35 Conclusion
3-26
Chapter 4
3-31
41 Introduction
3-32
42 Chitin and Chitosan
3
43 Alginates
8
44 Chelation Studies
9
45 Conclusions
17
References
18
Chapter 5
30
51 Introduction
31
52 Chitosan Characteristics
32
53 Reactive Oxygen Species and Chitosan as Antioxidant
33
54 Structure Modifications
35
55 Conclusion
44
References
45
Chapter 6
49
61 Introduction
50
62 Antioxidant Polymers Cellulosebased
51
63 Antioxidant Polymers Dextranbased
60
References
68
Chapter 7
73
71 Introduction
74
72 Grafting of Antioxidant Molecules on Natural Polymers
76
73 Proteinsbased Antioxidant Polymers
77
74 Polysaccharidesbased Antioxidant Polymers
85
75 Conclusions
1803
Chapter 8
83
81 Introduction to Polysaccharides from Marine Sources
84
82 Antioxidant Activities of Marine Polysaccharides and their Derivatives
91
83 Applications of Marine Antioxidant Polysaccharides and their Derivatives
96
84 Structureantioxidant Relationships of Marine Polyoligosaccharides
98
85 Conclusions
99
Acknowledgements
100
Chapter 9
2012
91 Introduction
2013
92 Whole Fish Hydrolysates
2031
93 Marine Invertebrate Hydrolysates
2033
94 Fish Frames Hydrolysates
2036
95 Viscera Hydrolysates
2037
96 Muscle Hydrolysates
2040
97 Collagen and Gelatin Hydrolysates
2048
104 Selenoprotein Mimics
10-38
105 Supramolecular Nanoenzyme Mimics
8
106 Conclusion
24
Chapter 11
36
111 Introduction
37
112 Intrinsically Conducting Polymers
38
113 Intrinsically Conducting Polymers with Antioxidant Properties
39
114 Synthesis of Antioxidant Intrinsically Conducting Polymers
40
115 Polymer Morphologies
43
116 Mechanism of Radical Scavenging
47
117 Assessment of Free Radical Scavenging Capacity
50
118 Factors Affecting the Radical Scavenging Activity
52
119 Polymer Blends and Practical Applications
54
References
55
Chapter 12
61
121 Introduction
62
122 Synthesis of Antioxidant Monomers to Enhance Physical Persistence and Performance of Stabilizers
12-1
123 Phenolic Antioxidant Monomers and their Copolymerization with Coordination Catalysts
5
124 Copolymerization of Antioxidant Monomers with Ethylene Propylene Styrene and Carbon Monoxide Using Single Site Catalysts
8
125 Conclusions
14
Acknowledgements
15
References
16
Chapter 13
21
131 Industrial Antioxidants
22
132 Antioxidants Used in Plastics Polymer Industry
23
133 Antioxidants Used in Lubricant Industry
26
134 Antioxidants Used in Elastomer Rubber Industry
27
135 Antioxidants Used in Fuel Industry
29
136 Antioxidants Used in Food Industry
30
137 Limitations of Conventional Antioxidants
32
138 Trends towards High Molecular Weight Antioxidants
34
139 Motivation Design and Methodology for Synthesis of Polymeric Antioxidants
46
1310 Biocatalytic Synthesis of Polymeric Antioxidants
48
1311 General Procedure for Enzymatic Polymerization
49
1312 Conclusions
63
Chapter 14
34
141 Introduction
35
Formulation and Delivery Challenges
36
144 Polyphenols Loaded Biopolymeric Colloidal Particles
38
145 Conclusion
64
References
65
Chapter 15
44
151 Introduction
45
153 Antioxidant Polymers in Drug Delivery
52
154 Antioxidant Polymers in Anticancer Therapies
56
155 Antioxidant Polymers in Wound Healing and Tissue Engineering
58
156 Conclusions and Perspectives
63
References
66
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About the author (2012)

Giuseppe Cirillo obtained his PhD on "Methodologies for the Development of Molecules of Pharmaceutical Interest" in 2008 from University of Calabria, Italy. He is currently in a postdoctoral position at the same university and is CEO of Macrofarm, a University of Calabria spin-off company. He is also a visiting researcher at the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Germany. He is the author or coauthor of more than 50 publications, including research and review articles as well as invited book chapters.

Francesca Iemma obtained her PhD in chemical sciences in 1997 from the University of Calabria. She is currently an associate professor in pharmaceutical technology in the faculty of Pharmacy, Nutrition and Health Sciences of the University of Calabria. She is a founding member of Macrofarm, a University of Calabria spin-off company. She has extensive teaching experience in the field of organic chemistry and pharmaceutical technology, and is author or coauthor of more than 80 publications, including research and review articles as well as invited book chapters.

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