Scientific Instruments, 1500-1900: An Introduction
The impulse to collect is an almost universal one, satisfying the hunting and acquisitive instincts, the love of beauty, and intellectual curiosity. The wealthy have collected rare and beautiful things from the earliest days of civilization, but the collection, or "cabinet," containing natural curiosities dates from the sixteenth century, and it was this type of collection in which scientific instruments found a home. In the twentieth century, we have come to accept a vast range of technical, often complex, equipment for everyday use. Science has become the very substance of our life style. But the appeal of historic scientific instruments remains, and from them much can be learned of the practice and development of science over four centuries.
This book traces the historical origins and development of instruments as they spread across the globe, explaining their manufacture, use, and adaptations. This must-have book for the active collector gives practical advice on dealing with instruments and checking their authenticity. It features a comprehensive international list of major museums and instrument collections. Over 100 superb illustrations show the instruments to their full advantage.
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Drawing and Calculating Instruments
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18th century altitude angle apparatus armillary sphere astrolabe astronomical balance barometer bead became boxwood brass camera Christie's chronometer circle clinometer coins compound microscope consists cross-staff cylinder demonstration devised diameter dip circle disc divided Dollond Edmund Gunter Edward Troughton electricity English engraved equinoctial Europe example French gallons glass globes gnomon Greek horizontal dial hour lines hygrometer inches instru instrument maker invented ivory Jesse Ramsden John known late 19th latitude lens lenses London machine magnetic compass mahogany marine chronometer mathematical measure ment meridian metal MHSO mid-18th century mirror models mounted Museum Napier's bones navigation needle octant optical pair Paris patented plate pointer popular produced quadrant Ramsden refracting telescope ring sand-glass sextant sights signed silver slide rule stars sundial surveying surveyors telescope theodolite thermometer Thomas tion Troughton tube tury vertical Victorian weights William wood wooden