Antiquities Under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection After the Iraq War

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Lawrence Rothfield
Rowman Altamira, 2008 - Political Science - 322 pages
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As Saddam Hussein's government fell in April 2003, news accounts detailed the pillage of Iraq's National Museum. The museum's looting grabbed headlines worldwide and public attention briefly focused on Iraq's threatened cultural heritage. Less dramatic, though far more devastating, was the subsequent epidemic of looting at thousands of archaeological sites around the country. Illegal digging on a massive scale continues to this day, virtually unchecked, with Iraq's ten thousand officially recognized sites being destroyed at a rate of roughly 10 percent per year. This book contains the first full published account of the disasters that have befallen Iraq's cultural heritage, and it analyzes why the array of laws and international conventions; the advocacy efforts of cultural heritage organizations; and the military planning and implementation of cultural protection operations all failed, and continue to fail, to prevent massive and irreversible loss. Looking forward, the book identifies new planning procedures, policy mechanisms, and implementation strategies capable of succeeding, so the mistakes of Iraq will not be replicated in other regions in crisis whose cultural heritage are at risk. Both archaeologists and policy-makers will benefit from this detailed study.
 

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Contents

THE CASE OF IRAQ AND THE CONTEXT OF LOOTING
1
Preserving Iraqs Heritage from Looting What Went Wrong within the United States
5
Preparations at the Iraq Museum in the LeadUp to War
27
Thieves of Baghdad The Looting of the Iraq Museum
33
Who Are the Looters at Archaeological Sites in Iraq?
49
See No Evil Museums Art Collectors and the Black Markets They Adore
57
The Western Market in Iraqi Antiquities
63
PREVENTING FUTURE LOOTING AFTER ARMED COMBAT
75
The Role of NATO and Civil Military Affairs
175
The Way Forward for Governmental and Intergovernmental Agencies
193
Practical and Policy Considerations in Protecting Cultural Heritage and Preventing Looting during International Peace and Stability Operations
195
UNESCO and the Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage in Postconflict Situations Efforts at UNESCO to Establish an Intergovernmental Fund for the Pro...
207
Engaging Interagency Processes to Protect Cultural Sites Communities Authorities and Capabilities
219
The Way Forward for Cultural Ministries Departments and Agencies
235
Governmental Agencies and the Protection of Cultural Property in Times of War
237
What Cultural Ministries and Heritage Sites Should Do to Prepare for Conflict
249

The Way Forward for Legislative Bodies with Respect to International Law
77
The 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict Its Background and Prospects for Ratification in t...
79
The Implementation of International Treaties at the National Level Law and Practice
89
Beyond Implementing International Law
101
Congressional Responses to the Looting of Iraqs Cultural Property
103
The Chain of Command
117
The Way Forward for Military and Civilian War Planners
125
Bridging the Public Security Gap Stability Police Units in Contemporary Peace Operations and the Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units
127
Technology for the Prevention of Cultural Theft
141
The Way Forward for Postwar Reconstruction Planners
151
The Way Ahead A FivePoint Plan for Future Action
153
Assignment Blue Shield The Looting of the Iraq Museum and Cultural Property at War
163
The Way Forward for Cultural Heritage NGOs
255
Preventing Looting after Armed Combat The Way Forward for US Nongovernmental Cultural Heritage Organizations
257
International Conventions and Recommendations Related to the Protection of Cultural Heritage
275
Excerpts from the 1954 Hague Convention and the 1954 First Protocol
277
Policy Recommendations as of August 2006
281
A Closer Look at NATO CIMIC Doctrine
287
Technologies for the Protection of Cultural Property
291
Suggested Further Reading
295
Index
299
About the Contributors
317
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Lawrence Rothfield is faculty director and co-founder of the Cultural Policy Center at the University of Chicago. He was previously the director of the Master of Arts Program in the Humanities at the University of Chicago and is also a professor of comparative literature, in which field he has three publications.

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