Verso, 1989 - Business & Economics - 123 pages
"Antisystemic Movements is an eloquent and concise history of popular resistance and class struggle by the leading exponents of the 'world-systems' perspective on capitalism. Basing itself on an analysis of resistance movements since the emergence of capitalism, it shows that while some early forms were successful in their own terms, ultimately they did not impede the consolidation of the modern capitalist world-system. The authors argue that although capitalism generated resistance right from the beginning as it displaced populations, despoiled resources and established global exploitation, until about 1848 the capitalist world-system could crush or outflank an opposition which was dispersed, localized and lacking in organization and continuity. From the mid-nineteenth century down to recent times, more adequately organized social and national movements set some limits on capital accumulation, but generally remained confined in their effectiveness to the terrain of the nation-state. Indeed, paradoxically, the successes of the 'old' social movements helped to boost the power and legitimacy of states while failing to remove the sources of class conflict or to grapple with the consequences of interstate competition. Taking the year 1968 as a symbolic turning-point, the authors argue that 'new' antisystemic movements have arisen which challenge the logic of the capitalist world-system more centrally than ever before. These new movements have a different ethnic and gender composition and different ways of organizing, while their key inspirations show an increasing ability to cross national boundaries. The authors suggest that the new assertiveness of the south, the development of class struggle in the east and the emergence of rainbow coalitions in different world zones might hold out the promise of a future socialist world-system." -- Back cover.
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accumulation process analysis anti antisystemic forces antisystemic movements Bolshevik bourgeoisie bureaucratic organizations capi capitalist development capitalist world capitalist world-economy centralization of capital changes civil society class and status-group class struggle class-forming competition conflict core countries course created Cultural Revolution defined democratic dilemmas direction division of labor economic command economic elites effect entails ethnic Europe existence fact formation fundamental growing hegemony hence historical ideological increasing increasingly internal interstate system ization kinds labor force labor movement labor power labor processes less Marx ments modern world-system monopoly move national liberation national movement national-liberation movements nationalist old left ongoing operation oppression organizational peasants peripheral political community political economy political elites Prague Spring production proletarians relational network relations of production relations of rule revolution revolutionary sector social movements social-democratic socialist sovereign status strata strategy success tendencies theoretical Third World USSR Vietnam wage wage-labor wage-labor force Weber workers workplace world-historical world-scale zones